Appliances are constructed to carry out. They work hard, year after year, usually without too many problems. They're easy to consider given. The result is that when a device breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you definitely don't understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve cash. This short article will offer you with all the info you need to know to pull your major appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. However prior to you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major home appliances.
Most home appliances run on your home's electrical system: They utilize A/C existing from the circuit wiring in your home. Little devices deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Big or significant appliances, such as ac system, clothes dryers, and ranges, normally require 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All home appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Little devices are generally relatively easy devices. They may consist of an easy heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repairs to these home appliances are usually alike easy. Large devices are more intricate-- one significant appliance, such as a washing machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, problems can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control device may impact one operation or the whole home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device generally impacts just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major appliance breaks down, understanding how to diagnose the problem is as essential as knowing how to repair it.
Due to the fact that major appliances are so complex, it usually isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Many newer devices consist of electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's manual.) The initial step is to choose whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, but the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be used to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To learn precisely what the problem is, you need to check each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, since home appliance components interact in a sensible sequence. Beginning with the most basic possibilities, you can check the elements one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Major Home Appliances
There are 3 really essential rules you should follow when you attempt to make any type of appliance repair work. Don't ever try to save time or loan by disregarding these rules. You will not save anything, and you could end up hurting yourself or destroying the appliance.
Constantly make sure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached before you evaluate the appliance to identify the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair work, do not touch the device; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any needed repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to fix the device yourself. Call an expert service individual.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be replaced quicker and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made especially for that appliance. If you can not find a precise replacement for the broken part, it's fine to substitute a similar part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, describe the manufacturer's instructions for setup.
Appliance parts are offered from device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You do not constantly need to go to a particular brand-name appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your location, order the part you require directly from the manufacturer. The name and address of the home appliance manufacturer are typically printed on the appliance. Be sure to provide the producer all the model and parts information possible for the home appliance. ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ If offered, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, make sure the device is receiving http://query.nytimes.com/search/sitesearch/?action=click&contentCollection®ion=TopBar&WT.nav=searchWidget&module=SearchSubmit&pgtype=Homepage#/ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ power. Absence of power is the most common reason for home appliance failure. Prior to you start the testing and diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Inspect to make sure that the appliance is correctly and strongly plugged in and that the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To identify whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Examine to ensure the merges and/or breaker that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your house, especially for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and air conditioning system. Look for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Examine to ensure fuses and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to devices such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; make sure these merges have not blown.
If the device uses gas or water, check to ensure it is getting an appropriate supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the home appliance. Lots of manufacturers consist of handy problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you don't have a manual for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or outdated appliance-- from the maker's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next area to find out how to disassemble a significant home appliance and the details on grounding systems.