Appliances are developed to carry out. They strive, every year, typically without a lot of problems. They're simple to consider granted. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be totally at a loss-- you don't know how SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you certainly don't understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve cash. This post will supply you with all the information you require to understand to pull your significant home appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. But before you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on significant home appliances.
Most home appliances operate on your home's electrical system: They utilize AC present from the circuit circuitry in your house. Little devices deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Large or major appliances, such as air conditioning system, dryers, and ranges, usually require 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of appliance need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Small devices are generally relatively easy makers. They may include a simple heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are normally likewise basic. Big home appliances are more complex-- one major device, such as a cleaning maker, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of home appliance, issues can take place in either the control devices or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control gadget might affect one operation or the whole device; failure of a mechanical/power device normally impacts just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major appliance breaks down, understanding how to identify the problem is as crucial as understanding how to repair it.
Because significant appliances are so intricate, it typically isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Lots of more recent home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to choose whether the issue is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, however the drum does not turn, the problem is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be used to identify the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big appliances.
To learn exactly what the problem is, you must inspect each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, due to the fact that device components work together in a sensible series. Starting with the easiest possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Home Appliances
There are three extremely essential guidelines you need to follow when you attempt to make any type of appliance repair. Don't ever attempt to save time or loan by neglecting these rules. You will not conserve anything at all, and you might wind up harming yourself or destroying the device.
Constantly make certain the electric power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached prior to you evaluate the home appliance to diagnose the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any needed repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't try to fix the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service individual.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be changed faster and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made especially for that home appliance. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the broken part, it's okay to replace a similar part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, describe the manufacturer's directions for setup.
Appliance parts are offered from device service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You do not always have to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to get the parts and service you need for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you need directly from the manufacturer. The name and address of the home appliance maker are generally printed on the device. Make sure to offer the manufacturer all the model and parts data possible for the device. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, make sure the home appliance is receiving power. Absence of power is the most common reason for device failure. Prior to you begin the screening and diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary actions:
Check to ensure that the appliance is correctly and strongly plugged in and that the cable, the plug, ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ and the outlet are working appropriately. To identify whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Check to make certain the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, specifically for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and a/c unit. Look for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the main panel and the different panel.
Examine to make sure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to restore power to devices such as washers, clothes dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; ensure these merges have actually not blown.
If the home appliance utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving an appropriate supply.
Examine the owner's handbook for the device. Many producers include helpful problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you do not have a manual for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ even for an old or obsolete device-- from the maker's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next area to discover how to dismantle a significant home appliance and the details on grounding systems.