Home appliances are constructed to carry out. They work hard, year after year, typically without too many issues. They're simple to consider given. The outcome is that when a home appliance breaks down, you might be completely at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you definitely do not understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve cash. This post will provide you with all the info you need to understand to pull your major appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. But prior to you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on significant devices.
Most devices operate on your home's electrical system: They use AC current from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Little home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Large or major home appliances, such as a/c unit, clothes dryers, and ranges, normally require 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ prong. This kind of home appliance need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the device housing-- with their power requirements in http://edition.cnn.com/search/?text=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ watts and volts, and often in amps.
Small devices are typically fairly basic makers. They might consist of an easy heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have two or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repairs to these devices are usually likewise easy. Large devices are more intricate-- one significant home appliance, such as a cleaning device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, problems can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device may impact one operation or the whole device; failure of a mechanical/power gadget usually impacts just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major home appliance breaks down, understanding how to identify the issue is as crucial as knowing how to repair it.
Because significant devices are so complicated, it generally isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Many newer appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's manual.) The initial step is to decide whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the dryer doesn't heat, the issue is in the control system. If the dryer warms, but the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This type of analysis can be used to identify the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large appliances.
To find out exactly what the issue is, you need to check each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, since device parts collaborate in a sensible sequence. Starting with the easiest possibilities, you can check the parts one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Significant Appliances
There are three very important rules you must follow when you try to make any kind of home appliance repair. Don't ever attempt to conserve time or cash by overlooking these guidelines. You will not save anything at all, and you might wind up harming yourself or destroying the appliance.
Always make certain the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the device is detached prior to you evaluate the home appliance to diagnose the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair work, do not touch the device; simply turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any required repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to fix the device yourself. Call a professional service individual.
In many cases, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed quicker and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ particularly for that home appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the broken part, it's okay to substitute a similar part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, describe the maker's guidelines for installation.
Device parts are readily available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't constantly need to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to get the parts and service you require for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you require directly from the maker. The name and address of the device maker are usually printed on the home appliance. Be sure to provide the maker all the design and parts information possible for the device. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair work, ensure the appliance is receiving power. Lack of power is the most common cause of appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and medical diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Examine to ensure that the device is appropriately and securely plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working correctly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to ensure the fuses and/or breaker that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and a/c unit. Look for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Examine to ensure merges and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to restore power to devices such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; make certain these merges have not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to make certain it is receiving a sufficient supply.
Check the owner's manual for the device. Numerous manufacturers consist of useful problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you don't have a manual for a home appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete home appliance-- from the producer's customer support department.
All SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to find out how to take apart a significant device and the details on grounding systems.