Appliances are constructed to carry out. They strive, every year, generally without too many problems. They're easy to consider granted. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you might be completely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you certainly don't know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and save money. This short article will provide you with all the details you need to know to pull your significant devices apart and then put them back together in working order. But prior to you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major devices.
A lot of devices operate on your house's electrical system: They use Air Conditioner current from the circuit wiring in your house. Little home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Large or significant appliances, such as a/c, dryers, and varieties, usually require 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of appliance ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Small appliances are generally fairly easy makers. They may consist of a basic heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or three simple mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are normally likewise basic. Big home appliances are more complex-- one major appliance, such as a washing machine, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, issues can happen in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control gadget might affect one operation or the whole home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget usually impacts just the functions that depend upon that device. When a major home appliance breaks down, understanding how to detect the problem is as crucial as knowing how to repair it.
Since significant appliances are so complex, it normally isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Numerous more recent appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's manual.) The first step is to decide whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer does not heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the dryer warms, however the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be used to identify the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To learn exactly what the problem is, you should inspect each ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, because home appliance parts work together in a logical sequence. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can check the elements one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Significant Devices
There are 3 very important guidelines you should follow when you try to make any kind of home appliance repair work. Don't ever try to save time or cash by ignoring these guidelines. You won't conserve anything, and you could wind up hurting yourself or destroying the device.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is disconnected before you test the home appliance to identify the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any essential repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to repair the device yourself. Call a professional service person.
For the most part, broken or malfunctioning appliance parts can be changed more quickly and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that home appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the broken part, it's okay to replace a comparable part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's instructions for installation.
Device parts are available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You do not always have to go to a specific brand-name device parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you need directly from the maker. The name and address of the appliance producer are generally printed on the appliance. Be sure to give the manufacturer all the design and parts data possible for the device. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, make sure the home appliance is receiving power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Prior to you start the testing and diagnosis process, take these initial steps:
Inspect to make certain that the device is appropriately and firmly plugged in and that the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the fuses and/or circuit breakers that http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, specifically for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and a/c unit. Look for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Check to ensure merges and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have not blown.
If the home appliance uses gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving an appropriate supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the home appliance. Numerous producers consist of helpful problem/solution fixing charts. If you don't have a handbook for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated home appliance-- from the producer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next area to learn how to dismantle a significant appliance and the information on grounding systems.