Home appliances are built to carry out. They work hard, every year, generally without too many problems. They're easy to consider approved. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you may be totally at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you definitely don't understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve loan. This post will provide you with all the information you need to understand to pull your significant appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However before you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on significant home appliances.
Many home appliances run on your house's electrical system: They use Air Conditioning current from the circuit wiring SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ in your house. Small home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Big or significant appliances, such as air conditioning system, dryers, and ranges, usually need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of device should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Little home appliances are typically fairly easy machines. They may include a simple heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or three easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these home appliances are typically similarly easy. Large appliances are more complex-- one major device, such as a washing machine, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control device may affect one operation or the whole device; failure of a mechanical/power gadget typically affects only the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major device breaks down, understanding how to detect the problem is as important as understanding how to repair it.
Because major appliances are so intricate, it normally isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Lots of more recent appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to decide whether the problem is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the problem is in the control system. If the dryer heats up, however the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be used to determine the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To find out precisely what the issue is, you need to examine each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, due to the fact that device parts work together in a rational sequence. Starting with the easiest possibilities, you can test the parts one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Fixing Major Home Appliances
There are three extremely essential rules you need to follow when you attempt to make any kind of appliance repair work. Do not ever try to save time or loan by overlooking these rules. You won't save anything, and you might end up harming yourself or destroying the home appliance.
Always make sure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the device is detached prior to you evaluate the home appliance to identify the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any needed repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to fix the device yourself. Call an expert service individual.
For the most part, broken or malfunctioning appliance parts can be changed more quickly and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not find a specific replacement for the damaged part, it's okay to substitute a similar part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, refer to the producer's directions for installation.
Appliance parts are readily available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You don't always have to go to a particular brand-name appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you need straight from the maker. The name and address of the device manufacturer are usually printed on the home appliance. Be sure to give the producer all the model and parts information possible for the device. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair work, make certain the device is receiving power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. https://www.washingtonpost.com/newssearch/?query=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ Prior to you start the testing and medical diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Check to make sure that the appliance is appropriately and securely plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To determine whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Check to make certain the merges and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as ranges and ac system. Look for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Check to make certain merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to restore power to devices such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; make sure these merges have actually not blown.
If the appliance utilizes gas or water, check to make certain it is receiving an adequate supply.
Inspect the owner's handbook for the device. Lots of makers consist of handy problem/solution repairing charts. If you do not have a handbook for a device, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete home appliance-- from the maker's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to discover how to disassemble a significant home appliance and the information on grounding systems.