Devices are constructed to carry out. They strive, year after year, usually without too many issues. They're easy to take for granted. The result is that when a home appliance breaks down, you might be entirely at a loss-- you don't understand how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you definitely don't know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and save loan. This article will offer you with http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ all the information you need to know to pull your significant appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. But before you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on significant appliances.
The majority of appliances operate on your house's electrical system: They utilize Air Conditioning current from the circuit electrical wiring in your home. Little home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have 2 blades. Large or significant devices, such as air conditioners, clothes dryers, and varieties, generally require 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Big home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All home appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little home appliances are normally fairly basic machines. They might include an easy heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have two or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are typically similarly simple. Large appliances are more intricate-- one major home appliance, such as a washing maker, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of appliance, problems can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control device might impact one operation or the entire appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget normally impacts only the functions that depend upon that device. When a significant home appliance breaks down, understanding how to identify the issue is as crucial as knowing how to repair it.
Since significant home appliances are so complex, it generally isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Many more recent home appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's manual.) The first step is to choose whether the issue is in a control gadget or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the issue is in the control system. If the dryer heats up, but the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to determine the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big appliances.
To discover exactly what the issue is, you must examine each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, due to the fact that appliance components work together in a sensible series. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can evaluate the parts one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Devices
There are three very important guidelines you must follow when you attempt to make any kind of device repair work. Do not ever attempt to conserve time or money by neglecting these rules. You will not save anything at all, and you might end up hurting yourself or ruining the appliance.
Always make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is disconnected prior to you evaluate the device to diagnose the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair work, do not touch the device; simply turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any necessary repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't try to repair the home appliance yourself. Call a professional service individual.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be changed faster and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that device. If you can not find a precise replacement for the broken part, it's all right to substitute a similar part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, describe the producer's instructions for setup.
Appliance parts are available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't always need to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to get the parts and service you require for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you need straight from the producer. The name and address of the home appliance producer are normally printed on the appliance. Make certain to give the producer all the model and parts data possible for the appliance. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, make sure the appliance is getting power. Lack of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Before you begin the testing and diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary steps:
Inspect to make sure that the device is correctly and strongly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To identify whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Check to make certain the fuses and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and air conditioners. Look for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Examine to ensure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to restore power to devices such as washers, dryers, SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; ensure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the device uses gas or water, check to make certain it is getting an appropriate supply.
Inspect the owner's manual for the device. Numerous makers include helpful problem/solution fixing charts. If you do not have a manual for a device, ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the manufacturer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next section to learn how to take apart a major home appliance and the information on grounding systems.