Appliances are built to perform. They strive, year after year, normally without too many problems. They're easy to take for given. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be completely at a loss-- you don't understand how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you certainly don't understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve cash. This post will provide you with all the information you need to know to pull your major appliances apart and after ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ that put them back together in working order. However prior to you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant home appliances.
Many appliances operate on your home's electrical system: They utilize Air Conditioner current from the circuit wiring in your home. Little appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Large or major devices, such as air conditioning system, clothes dryers, and varieties, generally need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Little home appliances are usually fairly easy makers. They may consist of a simple heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they may have two or three basic mechanical linkages. Repairs to these devices are normally alike basic. Large devices are more intricate-- one major home appliance, such as a washing machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of home appliance, problems can happen in either the control devices or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device may impact one operation or the whole device; failure of a mechanical/power device typically affects only the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a significant home appliance breaks down, knowing how to identify the problem is as crucial as knowing how to fix it.
Since major appliances are so complex, it normally isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Numerous more recent home appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to choose whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the dryer warms, however the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This type of analysis can be utilized to identify the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large devices.
To find out precisely what the problem is, you need to check each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, since home appliance parts collaborate in a sensible sequence. Beginning with the most basic possibilities, you can check the parts one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Fixing Major Devices
There are 3 extremely important guidelines you should follow when you try to make any type of appliance repair work. Don't ever try to conserve time or loan by disregarding these guidelines. You won't save anything, and you could wind up hurting yourself or messing up the home appliance.
Always make certain the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached prior to you check the appliance to diagnose the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any necessary repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to fix the appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
In most cases, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed quicker and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made specifically for that appliance. If you can not find an exact replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to replace a similar part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, describe the maker's directions for setup.
Device parts are available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You do not always need to go to a specific brand-name device parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you need directly from the producer. The name and address of the home appliance maker are generally printed on the device. Be sure to give the manufacturer all the model and parts data possible for the appliance. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, make certain the appliance is getting power. Lack of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and diagnosis process, take these initial steps:
Examine to make certain that the home appliance is effectively and securely plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To figure out whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make certain the merges and/or breaker that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, specifically for 220-240-volt home appliances such as varieties and a/c unit. Check for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the main panel and the separate panel.
Examine to make sure fuses and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have different plug-type merges for oven operation; ensure these fuses have not blown.
If the home appliance utilizes gas or water, check to make certain it is receiving an adequate supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the home appliance. Lots of manufacturers include useful problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a manual for a home appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the manufacturer's customer care department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next area to discover how to take apart a major appliance and the information on grounding systems.