Devices are built to carry out. They strive, year after year, normally without too many problems. They're easy to consider approved. The result is that when a home appliance breaks down, you might be completely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you definitely do not understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and save cash. This article will supply you with all the details you need to understand to pull your major devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. But before you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major devices.
Most home appliances operate on your home's electrical system: They use Air Conditioner current from the circuit circuitry in your home. Little devices work on 110-120-volt circuits, and ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ the plugs on their cords have 2 blades. Big or major appliances, such as air conditioning unit, dryers, and ranges, normally need 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of device need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the device case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Small home appliances are usually relatively simple makers. They might consist of a basic heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ have 2 or three basic mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are usually likewise basic. Large appliances are more complicated-- one major home appliance, such as a washing machine, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device might impact one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget usually affects just the functions that depend upon that device. When a major home appliance breaks down, knowing how to identify the issue is as essential as understanding how to fix it.
Since significant home appliances are so intricate, it generally isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Lots of newer devices consist of electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's manual.) The primary step is to choose whether the problem is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer does not heat, the issue is in the control system. If the dryer heats up, however the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be utilized to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large appliances.
To learn precisely what the issue is, you should examine each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as tough as it sounds, due to the fact that device components collaborate in a sensible series. Starting with the simplest possibilities, you can evaluate the parts one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Major Devices
There are 3 extremely important rules you should follow when you try to make any type of appliance repair work. Don't ever attempt to conserve time or loan by ignoring these guidelines. You will not conserve anything at all, and you could wind up hurting yourself or ruining the device.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is disconnected before you evaluate the appliance to detect the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair work, do not touch the device; simply turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any necessary repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to repair the home appliance yourself. Call a professional service individual.
For the most part, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed quicker and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or a professional. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made especially for that home appliance. If you can not find a precise replacement for the broken part, it's all right to substitute a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's instructions for setup.
Device parts are readily available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You do not constantly have to go to a particular brand-name home appliance http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ parts center to get the parts and service you need for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you require straight from the maker. The name and address of the device producer are generally printed on the device. Make certain to give the maker all the design and parts information possible for the appliance. If readily available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, make sure the device is getting power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and medical diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary actions:
Check to ensure that the home appliance is properly and strongly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make sure the fuses and/or breaker that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entrance panel for your house, specifically for 220-240-volt appliances such as ranges and air conditioning system. Check for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Examine to make sure fuses and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to home appliances such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have not blown.
If the home appliance uses gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving an adequate supply.
Check the owner's manual for the device. Numerous makers include valuable problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you do not have a manual for a device, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the manufacturer's customer care department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next area to find out how to take apart a major appliance and the information on grounding systems.