Devices are developed to perform. They work hard, every year, usually without a lot of issues. They're easy to take for granted. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be completely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you definitely do not understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and save loan. This article will offer you with all ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ the information you need to know to pull your major appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. But before you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on major appliances.
The majority of appliances run on your home's electrical system: They utilize A/C existing from the circuit circuitry in your home. Small home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Big or significant home appliances, such as a/c unit, clothes dryers, and varieties, typically need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little devices are normally fairly easy makers. They might include a basic heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have two or three basic mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are generally correspondingly easy. Big devices are more complicated-- one significant device, such as a cleaning device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of appliance, problems can take place in either the control devices or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control gadget may impact one operation or the whole device; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally affects just the functions that depend on that gadget. When a major home appliance breaks down, understanding how to identify the issue is as essential as understanding how to fix it.
Because major appliances are so complicated, it usually isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Lots of newer appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's handbook.) The primary step is to choose whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the issue is in the control system. If the dryer heats up, however the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To learn exactly what the problem is, you need to inspect each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as tough as it sounds, since home appliance elements interact in a logical sequence. Starting with the easiest possibilities, you can check the elements one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Major Home Appliances
There are three extremely essential guidelines you must follow when you try to make any type of device repair work. Don't ever attempt to conserve time or loan by disregarding these rules. You won't save anything at all, and you might wind up injuring yourself or destroying the device.
Always ensure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is detached prior to you check the appliance to identify the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the device; simply turn the power on and observe. If modifications are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any required repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to fix the home appliance yourself. Call a professional service individual.
In most http://edition.cnn.com/search/?text=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ cases, damaged or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed faster and cheaply than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made specifically for that appliance. If you can not find an exact replacement for the broken part, it's okay to substitute a comparable part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, describe the producer's guidelines for installation.
Appliance parts are available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You do not always need to go to a specific brand-name device parts center to get the parts and service you need for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you require straight from the producer. The name and address of the home appliance maker are typically printed on the appliance. Make sure to provide the producer all the design and parts information possible for the device. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, ensure the home appliance is getting power. Lack of power is the most typical cause of device failure. Prior to you start the screening and diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Check to ensure that the home appliance is correctly and securely plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working correctly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Check to make certain the fuses and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, particularly for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and air conditioners. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the primary panel SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ and the different panel.
Examine to ensure merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to devices such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the home appliance uses gas or water, check to make sure it is getting an appropriate supply.
Check the owner's manual for the appliance. Numerous producers include useful problem/solution fixing charts. If you don't have a manual for a device, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the producer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next section to discover how to take apart a major device and the information on grounding systems.