Devices are constructed to perform. They strive, every year, usually without a lot of issues. They're simple to consider approved. The outcome is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you don't understand how it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you definitely do not understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve money. This post will supply you with all the information you require to know to pull your significant appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. But prior to you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major appliances.
Most appliances run on your house's electrical system: They utilize A/C existing from the circuit electrical wiring in your home. Little home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Large or significant home appliances, such as air conditioning unit, clothes dryers, and varieties, normally need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the device case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Small home appliances are usually fairly simple devices. They might include a basic heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repairs to these home appliances are typically likewise simple. Large home appliances are more intricate-- one significant device, such as a washing machine, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, issues can happen in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device might affect one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally impacts just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major device breaks down, understanding how to detect the problem is as important as understanding how to fix it.
Because major devices are so complex, it typically isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Numerous more recent home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's manual.) The primary step is to SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ choose whether the issue remains in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats up, however the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to identify the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large devices.
To find out exactly what the problem is, you should examine each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as tough as it sounds, due to the fact that device elements work together in a logical series. Beginning with the easiest possibilities, you can evaluate the parts one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Fixing Significant Devices
There are 3 really important rules you need to follow when you try to make any type of home appliance repair work. Don't ever try to conserve time or money by neglecting these rules. You won't conserve anything at all, and you could wind up injuring yourself or destroying the home appliance.
Constantly ensure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is detached prior to you evaluate the appliance to diagnose the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any essential repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to repair the device yourself. Call an expert service person.
Most of the times, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be changed faster and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not find an exact replacement for the broken part, it's fine to substitute a comparable part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, describe the producer's instructions for installation.
Device parts are offered from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't constantly have to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service options. If ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you require straight from the maker. The name and address of the appliance maker are usually printed on the device. Make certain to provide the manufacturer all the design and parts data possible for the device. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, make sure the home appliance is getting power. Lack of power is the most typical cause of device failure. Before you start the testing and medical diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Inspect to make sure that the device is correctly and securely plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the merges and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, specifically for 220-240-volt home appliances such as ranges and air conditioning system. Look for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the separate panel.
Inspect to make sure merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; make certain these merges have actually not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving a sufficient supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the appliance. Lots of manufacturers consist of useful problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a manual for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated appliance-- from the maker's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next section to find out how to disassemble a significant appliance and the details on grounding systems.