Devices are developed to carry out. They work hard, every year, normally without a lot of issues. They're simple to consider approved. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you definitely don't know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save cash. This short article will offer you with all the info you require to know to pull your major home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However before you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major devices.
The majority of devices run on your home's electrical ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ system: They use Air Conditioning existing from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Small home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Large or significant appliances, such as a/c unit, dryers, and ranges, typically need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Big devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of device should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All devices are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Little home appliances are normally relatively easy makers. They might include a basic heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have two or 3 basic mechanical linkages. Repair work to these home appliances are typically alike easy. Large home appliances are more complicated-- one major device, such as a cleaning machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of device, problems can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device might affect one operation or the entire appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device usually impacts only the functions that depend on that device. When a major appliance breaks down, knowing how to identify the problem is as essential as knowing how to fix it.
Because major devices are so complicated, it usually isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Many newer devices include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's manual.) The primary step is to choose whether the problem remains in a control gadget SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer warms, however ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be utilized to identify the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large home appliances.
To discover precisely what the issue is, you must examine each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, because device parts work together in a rational series. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Major Devices
There are 3 very essential rules you should follow when you attempt to make any type of device repair work. Do not ever try to conserve time or money by disregarding these rules. You won't conserve anything, and you might end up injuring yourself or messing up the home appliance.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is disconnected before you test the device to diagnose the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair, do not touch the appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If modifications are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any needed repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't try to repair the appliance yourself. Call a professional service person.
Most of the times, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be changed quicker and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that appliance. If you can not discover an exact replacement for the broken part, it's fine to substitute a similar part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the maker's directions for setup.
Home appliance parts are readily available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You don't constantly need to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your location, order the part you need directly from the http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ maker. The name and address of the device manufacturer are generally printed on the appliance. Be sure to offer the maker all the model and parts information possible for the home appliance. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, make certain the appliance is getting power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Before you start the testing and medical diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Examine to make certain that the appliance is appropriately and strongly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the fuses and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entrance panel for your house, especially for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and a/c. Look for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Check to make certain merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; make certain these fuses have actually not blown.
If the device uses gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving an appropriate supply.
Check the owner's manual for the appliance. Many manufacturers include valuable problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a handbook for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the maker's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next section to discover how to disassemble a major device and the details on grounding systems.