Home appliances are developed to perform. They work hard, year after year, usually without a lot of issues. They're simple to consider given. The result is that when a home appliance breaks down, you might be totally at a loss-- you don't understand how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you definitely do not understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve loan. This short article will offer you with all the info you need to understand to pull your major devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. However prior to you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on major home appliances.
Many home appliances run on your house's electrical system: They utilize A/C existing from the circuit circuitry in your home. Small devices deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Large or major home appliances, such as a/c unit, clothes dryers, and ranges, typically require 220-240-volt wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This type of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Small appliances are normally fairly basic devices. They may consist of a simple heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have two or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are generally correspondingly easy. Large home appliances are more complex-- one major home appliance, such as a cleaning maker, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, problems can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control gadget may impact one operation or the entire appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device normally impacts only the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a significant appliance breaks down, understanding how to detect the issue is as essential as understanding how to repair it.
Since significant appliances are so complex, it normally isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Lots of http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ more recent devices consist of electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to choose whether the issue remains in a control device or a mechanical device. In a dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the issue is in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats up, but the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be used to identify the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large devices.
To discover exactly what the issue is, you should inspect each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, because appliance components collaborate in a rational series. Beginning with the most basic possibilities, you can test the components one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Significant Devices
There are 3 extremely essential rules you should follow when you try to make any kind of appliance repair. Do not ever try to conserve time or money by overlooking these guidelines. You will not save anything, and you might end up hurting yourself or messing up the appliance.
Constantly make certain the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is detached before you test the appliance to identify the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair, do not touch the device; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any needed repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to fix the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service individual.
In most cases, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be replaced more quickly and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that appliance. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to substitute a comparable part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's guidelines for installation.
Appliance parts are offered from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't always need to SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you need for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you need directly from the producer. The name and address of the home ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ appliance maker are typically printed on the appliance. Make certain to offer the maker all the design and parts information possible for the device. If offered, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, make sure the appliance is getting power. Lack of power is the most common reason for device failure. Prior to you start the screening and diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Inspect to ensure that the device is effectively and securely plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working correctly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make sure the merges and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as ranges and air conditioning unit. Look for blown merges or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Examine to ensure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to restore power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; make certain these merges have not blown.
If the appliance utilizes gas or water, check to make sure it is receiving a sufficient supply.
Inspect the owner's manual for the device. Numerous makers consist of valuable problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you don't have a handbook for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated home appliance-- from the producer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to discover how to disassemble a major device and the details on grounding systems.