Appliances are built to perform. They strive, every year, generally without too many issues. They're simple to take for approved. The result is that when a home appliance breaks down, you might be completely at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you definitely don't know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and save cash. This short article will provide you with all the information you require to understand to pull your significant appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However before you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant appliances.
Most home appliances run on your home's electrical system: They utilize AC current from the circuit circuitry in your home. Small home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have 2 blades. Large or significant appliances, such as a/c, clothes dryers, and ranges, normally need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This type of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All appliances are identified-- either SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Little devices are typically fairly easy devices. They might consist of an easy heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have two or 3 basic mechanical linkages. Repair work to these home appliances are typically similarly simple. Large home appliances are more intricate-- one major appliance, such as a cleaning maker, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, problems can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device might affect one operation or the entire device; failure of a mechanical/power device usually impacts only the functions that depend on that gadget. When a major appliance breaks down, knowing how to diagnose the issue is as important as knowing how to repair it.
Because major appliances are so complex, it normally isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Many newer devices consist of electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's manual.) The first step is to choose whether the issue remains in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the dryer does not heat, the problem is in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, however the drum does not turn, the problem is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To discover exactly what the issue is, you need to inspect each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, since home appliance elements interact in a logical series. Beginning with the most basic possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Major Devices
There are 3 really important guidelines you need to follow when you attempt to make any kind of home appliance repair. Don't ever attempt to conserve time or loan by disregarding these rules. You won't save anything, and you might wind up harming yourself or ruining the home appliance.
Always make sure the ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ electrical power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is disconnected prior to you test the appliance to diagnose the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any required repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to repair the appliance yourself. Call an expert service individual.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be replaced more quickly and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made particularly for that device. If you can not find a precise replacement for the broken part, it's fine to substitute a comparable part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, refer to the maker's instructions for installation.
Appliance parts are available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You do not always need to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to get the parts and service you need for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you require directly from the maker. The name and address of the device producer are typically printed on the device. Be sure to provide the producer all the model and parts data possible for the device. If offered, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair, make certain the appliance is getting power. Absence of power https://en.search.wordpress.com/?src=organic&q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ is the most common cause of appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary actions:
Check to make sure that the appliance is effectively and strongly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To figure out whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make certain the fuses and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and air conditioning system. Check for blown merges or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Examine to make certain merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some varieties ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; make certain these merges have not blown.
If the home appliance utilizes gas or water, check to make sure it is receiving an appropriate supply.
Inspect the owner's handbook for the home appliance. Lots of manufacturers include practical problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you don't have a handbook for an appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete home appliance-- from the manufacturer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next area to discover how to disassemble a significant home appliance and the details on grounding systems.