Appliances are developed to perform. They strive, year after year, generally without a lot of issues. They're easy to take for approved. The outcome is that when a home appliance breaks down, you might be totally at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you certainly don't know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save loan. This article will offer you with all the details you require to know to pull your major home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However prior to you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant home appliances.
Many appliances run on your home's electrical system: They utilize AC existing from the circuit circuitry in your home. Small devices deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Large or major appliances, such as ac system, clothes dryers, and ranges, normally need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Big home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of home appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All home appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little home appliances are typically relatively easy makers. They may include an easy heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have two or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repair work to these home appliances are usually alike simple. Large home appliances are more complicated-- one major home appliance, such as a washing maker, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, issues can happen in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device might impact one operation or the entire home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget typically affects just the functions that depend upon that device. When a major appliance breaks down, understanding how to diagnose the issue is as important as knowing how to repair it.
Due to the fact that major home appliances are so intricate, it normally isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Many newer appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to decide whether the issue is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, however the drum does not turn, the problem is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To discover precisely what the problem is, you must inspect each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ isn't as difficult as it sounds, because device parts work together in a rational sequence. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can test the parts one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Major Home Appliances
There are three very important rules you should follow when you attempt to make any type of appliance repair. Don't ever attempt to save time or cash by ignoring these guidelines. You won't save anything at all, and you could wind up injuring yourself or ruining the device.
Always make sure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is detached prior to you evaluate the appliance to identify the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair, do not touch the appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are required, turn the power off prior to you http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any needed repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to fix the appliance yourself. Call an expert service individual.
In many cases, damaged or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed more quickly and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Change any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that device. If you can not find a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's alright to substitute a comparable part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's directions for setup.
Home appliance parts are available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You don't constantly need to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you need directly from the maker. The name and address of the home appliance producer are usually printed on the home appliance. Be sure to provide the manufacturer all the model and parts data possible for the appliance. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, ensure the device is receiving power. Lack of power is the most typical cause of device failure. Prior to you begin the screening and medical diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Examine to make certain that the home appliance is correctly and securely plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To identify whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make certain the fuses and/or breaker that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entrance panel for your house, specifically for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and a/c. Check for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Examine to make sure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have not blown.
If the home appliance uses gas or water, check to make certain it is receiving an adequate supply.
Inspect the owner's handbook for the home appliance. Many manufacturers include valuable problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you don't have a handbook for a device, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated appliance-- from the producer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to learn how to disassemble a significant device and the information on grounding systems.