Devices are built to perform. They work hard, every year, generally without a lot of issues. They're easy to take for approved. The outcome is that when a home appliance breaks down, you may be completely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you certainly don't understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve cash. This short article will provide you with all the information you require to know to pull your major appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However prior to you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on significant appliances.
A lot of devices operate on your house's electrical system: They utilize AC existing from the circuit wiring in your house. Little devices work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have 2 blades. Big or major home appliances, such as air conditioning unit, dryers, and ranges, usually require 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of home appliance must be SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Little home appliances are normally fairly basic machines. They may include a simple heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they may have two or three easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are usually likewise easy. Large devices are more intricate-- one significant home appliance, such as a washing device, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of appliance, problems can take place in either the control devices or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control gadget might affect one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally impacts just the functions that depend upon that device. When a major home appliance breaks down, understanding how to identify the issue is as crucial as knowing how to fix it.
Since significant home appliances are so complex, it normally isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Many more recent devices include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to choose whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the dryer doesn't heat, the problem is in the control system. If the clothes dryer warms, but the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large devices.
To find out exactly what the problem is, you need to examine each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as difficult as it sounds, since appliance components collaborate in a sensible series. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can check the elements one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Appliances
There are three very crucial rules you need to follow when you try to make any type of home appliance repair. Do not ever try to save time or money by neglecting these rules. You won't conserve anything, and you could wind up injuring yourself or messing up the appliance.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached prior to you check the device to identify the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any essential repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to repair the device yourself. Call an expert service individual.
For the most part, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be changed more quickly and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the broken part, it's okay to substitute a similar part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, refer to the producer's guidelines for setup.
Device parts are available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You don't constantly need to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you require directly from the maker. The name and address of the home appliance manufacturer are generally printed on the appliance. Make sure to give the manufacturer all the design and parts data possible for the home appliance. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, ensure the home appliance is getting power. Lack of power is the most common cause of home appliance SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ failure. Prior to you begin the screening and diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Inspect to ensure that the home appliance is correctly and firmly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to ensure the fuses and/or breaker that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, specifically for 220-240-volt appliances such as ranges and air conditioning system. Look for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Inspect to make sure merges and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; ensure these merges have actually not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to make sure it is receiving an appropriate supply.
Inspect the owner's handbook for the appliance. Many http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ makers consist of useful problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you do not have a manual for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated device-- from the producer's customer care department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next area to discover how to take apart a major appliance and the information on grounding systems.