Home appliances are constructed to perform. They work hard, every year, typically without too many issues. They're easy to consider given. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you might be entirely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you definitely don't know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and save cash. This article will supply you with all the information you need to know to pull your significant home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. But before you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on major home appliances.
Most devices run on your home's electrical system: They utilize Air Conditioner existing from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Small appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Large or major home appliances, such as air conditioners, clothes dryers, and varieties, usually require 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This type of appliance need to be plugged into a grounded ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little appliances are generally relatively simple devices. They might include a simple heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have two or three basic mechanical linkages. Repair work to these home appliances are typically alike basic. Large home appliances are more complex-- one major device, such as a washing maker, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, problems can happen in either the control devices or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device might impact one operation or the entire appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget usually affects just the functions that depend upon that device. When a significant appliance breaks down, understanding how to detect the problem is as essential as knowing how to repair it.
Since significant home appliances are so complex, it typically isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Numerous newer appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to choose whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the dryer doesn't heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the dryer warms, however the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be utilized to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large appliances.
To learn exactly what the issue is, you must check each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as difficult as it sounds, since home SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ appliance components collaborate in a sensible series. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Fixing Significant Devices
There are 3 extremely important rules you must follow when you try to make any type of device repair. Don't ever try to conserve time or loan by disregarding these guidelines. You will not conserve anything, and you could end up hurting yourself or ruining the appliance.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is detached before you test the appliance to identify the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any necessary repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
In many cases, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be changed faster and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not find a specific replacement for the broken part, it's alright to substitute a similar part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, describe the maker's guidelines for setup.
Device parts are available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You do not always need to go to a particular brand-name home appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you need for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you need directly from the maker. The name and address of the appliance manufacturer are typically printed on the device. Make certain to offer the manufacturer all the model and parts data possible for the device. If offered, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair, make certain the device is receiving power. Absence of power is the most common cause of appliance failure. Prior to you begin the screening and medical diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Examine to make sure that the home appliance is effectively and firmly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To determine whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make certain the merges and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and air conditioners. Check for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Check to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; ensure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the appliance uses gas or water, check to make sure it is getting a sufficient supply.
Inspect the owner's manual for the appliance. Lots of manufacturers include valuable problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you don't have a manual for a device, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the producer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next area to find out how to disassemble a major home appliance and the information on grounding systems.