Home appliances are constructed to carry out. They work hard, year after year, usually without a lot of problems. They're easy to take for granted. The outcome is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be completely at a loss-- you don't understand how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you definitely do not know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save loan. This article will provide you with all the details you require to know to pull your major home appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. However before you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on significant home appliances.
A lot of appliances run on your home's electrical system: They use Air Conditioning existing from the circuit wiring in your home. Little home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have 2 blades. Big or significant home appliances, such as air conditioners, clothes dryers, and ranges, usually need 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ of home appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All devices are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Small home appliances are generally fairly easy machines. They might consist of a simple heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have two or three simple mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are normally correspondingly easy. Large appliances are more SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ complicated-- one significant appliance, such as a cleaning maker, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of home appliance, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device might impact one operation or the whole home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device normally impacts just the functions that depend upon that device. When a significant home appliance breaks down, knowing how to diagnose the issue is as essential as understanding how to repair it.
Since major home appliances are so complex, it typically isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Numerous newer appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's manual.) The initial step is to choose whether the issue is in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the dryer does not heat, the issue is in the control system. If the dryer heats, but the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be utilized to determine the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To discover precisely what the problem is, you should examine each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, since home appliance parts work together in a logical series. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Home Appliances
There are three really important rules you should follow when you attempt to make any type of appliance repair work. Don't ever try to conserve time or money by disregarding these rules. You won't conserve anything at all, and you could end up injuring yourself or ruining the device.
Constantly ensure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is disconnected before you test the home appliance to detect the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair work, do not touch the home appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any necessary repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to fix the appliance yourself. Call a professional service person.
Most of the times, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be changed more quickly and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Change any broken or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made specifically for that home appliance. If you can not discover an exact replacement for the broken part, it's all right to replace a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the producer's directions for installation.
Appliance parts are readily available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You do not always have to go to a particular brand-name home appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you require straight from the producer. The name and address of the device maker are typically printed on the home appliance. Make certain to offer the maker all the design and parts SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ data possible for the home appliance. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, ensure the device is receiving power. Absence of power is the most common cause of device failure. Prior to you start the screening and diagnosis process, take these preliminary steps:
Check to make sure that the home appliance is properly and securely plugged in and that the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To figure out whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make certain the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, specifically for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and air conditioning unit. Look for blown merges or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Check to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to devices such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; ensure these merges have actually not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving an adequate supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the device. Numerous makers include handy problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you don't have a handbook for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete home appliance-- from the manufacturer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next area to learn how to dismantle a major appliance and the information on grounding systems.