Appliances are built to perform. They work hard, every year, normally without too many issues. They're simple to take for granted. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you definitely do not know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and save loan. This article will supply you with all the info you require to know to pull your significant appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. But before you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on significant devices.
A lot of home appliances run on your house's electrical system: They use AC existing from the circuit wiring in your home. Small appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Large or major devices, such as air conditioning unit, clothes dryers, and ranges, normally need 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Big appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Little appliances are generally relatively easy makers. They may include a simple heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have two or three easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are usually likewise simple. Large home appliances are more complex-- one significant appliance, such as a cleaning machine, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, issues can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control gadget may impact one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally affects only the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major appliance breaks down, knowing how to diagnose the issue is as crucial as knowing how to fix it.
Due to the fact that significant appliances are so complex, it usually isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Many newer appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's manual.) The primary step is to choose whether the problem is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, however the drum does not turn, the problem is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to determine the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To learn exactly what the issue is, you must inspect each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, because device components collaborate in a sensible sequence. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Home Appliances
There are three really crucial rules you must follow when you attempt to make any type of appliance repair. Do not ever try to save time or money by overlooking these guidelines. You won't conserve anything, and you might wind up injuring yourself or destroying the home appliance.
Always make sure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is disconnected before you test the home appliance to identify the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any necessary repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't try to repair the home appliance yourself. Call a https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/?search=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ professional service person.
In many cases, broken or malfunctioning appliance parts can be replaced quicker and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made specifically for that device. If you can not find a precise replacement for the broken part, it's okay to substitute a comparable part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, refer to the producer's directions for installation.
Device parts are offered from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You don't constantly have to go to a specific brand-name device parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you need directly from the maker. The name and address of the home appliance maker are usually printed on the device. Be sure to give the manufacturer all the design and parts information possible for the home appliance. If readily available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, ensure the device is getting power. Lack of power is the most common cause of home appliance failure. Prior to you begin the screening and diagnosis process, take these preliminary steps:
Examine to make certain that the device is effectively and strongly plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ To identify whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Check to make certain the merges and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and air conditioning system. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Check to ensure fuses and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make certain these fuses have not blown.
If the appliance uses gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving an adequate supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the home appliance. Lots of makers include helpful problem/solution repairing charts. If you do not have a manual for a device, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the maker's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to learn how to dismantle a significant home appliance and the details on grounding systems.