Devices are developed to perform. They strive, year after year, usually without a lot of issues. They're easy to take for granted. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you might be entirely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you definitely don't know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and save cash. This short article will provide you with all the details you require to understand to pull your major appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. However prior to you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on major devices.
Most devices run on your house's electrical system: They use A/C current from the circuit electrical wiring in your home. Little home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Big or significant home appliances, such as a/c, dryers, and ranges, usually need 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ and in some cases in amps.
Little home appliances are usually relatively easy devices. They might consist of an easy heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or three easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are generally likewise easy. Large home appliances are more complicated-- one major home appliance, such as a washing machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of home appliance, problems can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control gadget might impact one operation or the whole home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device normally affects only the functions that depend upon that device. When a significant appliance breaks down, knowing how to detect the problem is as crucial as knowing how to repair it.
Because significant appliances are so complex, it typically isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Many newer home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to choose whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the problem is in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats up, however the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to identify the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large devices.
To discover precisely what the problem is, you must check each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, since device components work together in a sensible sequence. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can evaluate the components one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Appliances
There are 3 really essential guidelines you should follow when you try to make any type of appliance repair. Do not ever attempt to save time or money by overlooking these rules. You will not conserve anything, and you could end up harming yourself or destroying the appliance.
Always make certain the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is disconnected before you check the device to identify the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the device; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any necessary repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to repair the home appliance yourself. Call a professional service individual.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be changed quicker and cheaply than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made specifically for that appliance. If you can not find an exact replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to substitute a comparable part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, describe the producer's guidelines for setup.
Home appliance parts are available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't constantly have to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your location, order the part you require straight from the producer. The name and address of the SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ home appliance maker are generally printed on the appliance. Make sure to give the maker all the design and parts information possible for the appliance. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, make sure the home appliance is getting power. Lack of power is the most common cause of device failure. Before you begin the screening and diagnosis procedure, take these initial actions:
Check to ensure that the home appliance is appropriately and firmly plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Examine to ensure the merges and/or breaker that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, specifically for 220-240-volt home appliances such as ranges and air conditioning system. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Check to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to home appliances such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; ensure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the home appliance uses gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving an appropriate supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the appliance. Many manufacturers include helpful problem/solution repairing charts. If you do not have a manual for a device, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or outdated appliance-- from the producer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next section to find out how to disassemble a significant home appliance and the information on grounding systems.