Appliances are developed to perform. They strive, every year, typically without too many issues. They're easy to consider granted. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you might be totally at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you certainly don't understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save money. This post will provide you with all the info you need to understand to pull your major appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. But prior to you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major home appliances.
Many devices run on your home's electrical system: They utilize AC existing from the circuit circuitry in your house. Small home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Large or significant devices, such as ac system, dryers, and ranges, typically need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All home appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Small appliances are typically fairly basic machines. They might include a simple heating element, a fan, SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repair work to these devices are usually alike basic. Big devices are more complex-- one significant home appliance, such as a cleaning machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of home appliance, problems can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device might affect one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget normally impacts only the functions that depend on that device. When a major device breaks down, understanding how to diagnose the problem is as important as knowing how to repair it.
Since major appliances are so complex, it typically isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Lots of more recent home appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to decide whether the issue is in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer does not SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ heat, the problem is in the control system. If the dryer heats, but the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be utilized to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To discover precisely what the issue is, you must examine each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as difficult as it sounds, since appliance parts work together in a sensible series. Starting with the easiest possibilities, you can evaluate the components one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Significant Home Appliances
There are 3 very important rules you must follow when you attempt to make any kind of device repair. Don't ever try to save time or cash by ignoring these guidelines. You won't conserve anything, and you could end up harming yourself or destroying the appliance.
Always make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is disconnected prior to you test the device to detect the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the device; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any needed repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to repair the device yourself. Call an expert service individual.
In most cases, damaged or malfunctioning appliance parts can be replaced more quickly and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made especially for that device. If you can not find a precise replacement for the broken part, it's alright to replace a comparable part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, describe the producer's directions for installation.
Home appliance parts are offered from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't constantly have to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to get the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you require straight from the manufacturer. The name and address of the device maker are generally printed on the home appliance. Be sure to provide the manufacturer all the model and parts information possible for the appliance. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ repair work, make certain the home appliance is receiving power. Lack of power is the most common cause of home appliance failure. Before you start the testing and medical diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Examine to make certain that the device is appropriately and strongly plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your house, specifically for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and ac system. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Examine to ensure merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have different plug-type merges for oven operation; ensure these merges have actually not blown.
If the appliance utilizes gas or water, check to make certain it is getting a sufficient supply.
Inspect the owner's manual for the appliance. Many makers consist of valuable problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you do not have a handbook for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the producer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next section to find out how to disassemble a significant device and the information on grounding systems.