Home appliances are developed to carry out. They strive, year after year, typically without a lot of problems. They're easy to consider given. The result is that when a device breaks down, you may be totally at a loss-- you don't SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ understand how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you certainly don't understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save cash. This short article will supply you with all the details you need to know to pull your significant home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. But before you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on significant home appliances.
Many appliances operate on your home's electrical system: They use A/C present from the circuit circuitry in your home. Small devices deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Large or significant home appliances, such as air conditioning unit, dryers, and varieties, normally need 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little home appliances are generally relatively basic machines. They may include an easy heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are generally similarly basic. Large appliances are more complicated-- one significant device, such as a washing maker, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of device, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device may impact one operation or the entire home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally impacts only the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a significant home appliance breaks down, understanding how to diagnose the problem is as crucial as knowing how to fix it.
Since significant appliances are so complex, it normally isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Numerous more recent appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to decide whether the issue remains in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer does not heat, the issue is in the control system. If the dryer heats, however the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To discover exactly what the problem is, you need to examine each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, since appliance components work together in a sensible sequence. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can test the components one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Fixing Major Home Appliances
There are three really crucial guidelines you must follow when you attempt to make any type of home appliance repair work. Don't ever try to conserve time or cash by ignoring these guidelines. You won't conserve anything, and you could end up injuring yourself or destroying the appliance.
Constantly ensure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is detached before you check the appliance to detect the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any essential repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service individual.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be changed quicker and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not find an exact replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to replace SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ a comparable part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's instructions for installation.
Appliance parts are available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You do not always have to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you need for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you require straight from the manufacturer. The name and address of the device manufacturer are generally printed on the home appliance. Make sure to offer the producer all the model and parts information possible for the appliance. If offered, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, make sure the home appliance is getting power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Before you start the testing and diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary steps:
Inspect to make certain that the device is appropriately and securely plugged in and that the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To determine whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the fuses and/or breaker that manage the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, specifically for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and air conditioning unit. Look for blown merges or tripped circuit breakers at both the main panel and the different panel.
Check to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to devices such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving a sufficient supply.
Inspect the owner's handbook for the home appliance. Lots of producers consist of valuable problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a handbook for a home appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated device-- from the manufacturer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next area to learn how to dismantle a significant device and the information on grounding systems.