Devices are built to carry out. They strive, every year, typically without a lot of problems. They're easy to consider granted. The outcome is that when a home appliance breaks down, you might be totally at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you definitely do not understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save loan. This article will offer you with all the info you require to know to pull your major home appliances apart and SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ after that put them back together in working order. However prior to you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major appliances.
Most home appliances run on your home's electrical system: They use A/C present from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Little appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Large or major devices, such as air conditioning system, dryers, and ranges, generally require 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Small home appliances are usually fairly basic machines. They might include a basic heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have two or three basic mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are typically alike basic. Large appliances are more intricate-- one major home appliance, such as a cleaning maker, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of device, problems can take place in either the control devices or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control gadget may impact one operation or the entire appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device normally affects only the functions that depend on that device. When ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ a significant device breaks down, understanding how to identify the problem is as crucial as knowing how to fix it.
Since major appliances are so complex, it usually isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Many newer home appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to choose whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer does not heat, the problem is in the control system. If the dryer heats up, but the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to identify the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To find out precisely what the problem is, you need to check each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as tough as it sounds, because home appliance parts collaborate in a logical series. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can check the components one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Significant Devices
There are three very crucial guidelines you must follow when you attempt to make any type of device repair. Do not ever attempt to save time or money by ignoring these guidelines. You will not save anything at all, and you could end up injuring yourself or destroying the device.
Constantly make certain the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is detached before you evaluate the appliance to identify the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any essential repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't try to fix the device yourself. Call an expert service individual.
In many cases, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be replaced faster and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Change any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that device. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's okay to substitute a similar part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's directions for setup.
Device parts are available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You don't always need to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to get the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you need straight from the maker. The name and address of the appliance manufacturer are normally printed on the appliance. Make certain to provide the manufacturer all the design and parts information possible for the home appliance. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair, make sure the device is getting power. Absence of power is the most typical reason for appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Inspect to ensure that the home appliance is correctly and strongly plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To determine whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make certain the merges and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and a/c unit. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Check to make sure fuses and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; make sure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to make certain it is receiving an appropriate supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the home appliance. Numerous manufacturers include valuable problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you do not have a handbook for a home appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the producer's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to find out how to disassemble a significant home appliance and the details on grounding systems.