Appliances are constructed to carry out. They work hard, every year, generally without too many issues. They're easy to consider given. The outcome is that when a home appliance breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you definitely don't understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve cash. This short article will supply you with all the details you need to know to pull your significant devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. However before you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant home appliances.
Most appliances operate on your house's electrical system: They use AC current from the circuit wiring in your home. Little home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Big or significant home appliances, such as air conditioning unit, dryers, and ranges, typically need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Little appliances are typically fairly easy devices. They might consist of a basic heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have two or 3 basic mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are generally correspondingly simple. Big home appliances are more intricate-- one major device, such as a cleaning device, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of home appliance, issues can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control gadget may impact one operation or the entire device; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally affects just the functions that depend on that device. When a significant appliance breaks down, understanding how to detect the problem is as essential as understanding how to fix it.
Due to the fact that major home appliances are so complicated, it generally isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Numerous newer devices consist of electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's manual.) The initial step is to choose whether the problem is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer does not heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer warms, but the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be utilized to identify the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big appliances.
To find out exactly what the issue is, you must examine each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, because appliance parts work together in a rational sequence. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can evaluate the components one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Devices
There are three really crucial guidelines you must follow when you attempt to make any type of device repair work. Don't ever attempt to save time or money by neglecting these rules. You won't save anything, and you could wind up injuring yourself or ruining the device.
Always make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is disconnected prior to you evaluate the device to diagnose the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to examine SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ your work after making a repair, do not touch the appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any essential repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to repair the appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
In many cases, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be changed quicker and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not find a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to replace a similar part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, describe the producer's guidelines for installation.
Appliance parts are available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You do not constantly need to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't locate a parts service center in your location, order the part you require straight from the maker. The name http://edition.cnn.com/search/?text=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ and address of the home appliance maker are usually printed on the appliance. Make sure to provide the manufacturer all the design and parts information possible for the home appliance. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair, ensure the device is receiving power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of home appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and diagnosis process, take these preliminary steps:
Check to make certain that the appliance is appropriately and firmly plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Examine to ensure the merges and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, particularly for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and air conditioning system. Check for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Check to ensure fuses and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; ensure these merges have not blown.
If the home appliance uses gas or water, check to make sure it is receiving an adequate supply.
Inspect the owner's manual for the device. Many manufacturers consist of helpful problem/solution fixing charts. If you do not have a manual for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ even for an old or outdated home appliance-- from the producer's customer care department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to discover how to dismantle a significant appliance and the details on grounding systems.