Home appliances are constructed to perform. They strive, every year, typically without too many problems. They're simple to take for granted. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you may be completely at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you definitely do not know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and save loan. This article will offer you with all the info you need to know to pull your SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ major devices apart and then put them back together in working order. But before you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant appliances.
The majority of home appliances operate on your home's electrical system: They use Air Conditioning current from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Little devices work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Big or major devices, such as air conditioners, dryers, and ranges, usually need 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Big appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little devices are usually relatively simple makers. They might include a basic heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have two or three easy mechanical linkages. Repair work to these home appliances are usually correspondingly basic. Big home appliances are more complex-- one major home appliance, such as a washing machine, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, issues can happen in either the control devices or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control gadget may affect one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally affects just the functions that depend on that gadget. When a significant appliance breaks down, knowing how to identify the issue is as essential as understanding how to repair it.
Because significant home appliances are so complicated, it normally isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Lots of newer appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to decide whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the dryer doesn't heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer warms, but the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be used to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big appliances.
To learn precisely what the problem is, you must check each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, due to the fact that home appliance elements interact in a logical series. Beginning with the easiest possibilities, you can test the components one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Appliances
There are 3 extremely important guidelines you must follow when you attempt to make any type of home appliance repair. Don't ever try to conserve time or cash by disregarding these rules. You won't conserve anything at all, and you could wind up hurting yourself or ruining the device.
Always make sure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is disconnected before you evaluate the home appliance to SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ detect the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair work, do not touch the device; simply turn the power on and observe. If changes are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any needed repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't try to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
For the most part, damaged or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed faster and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made especially for that device. If you can not discover an exact replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to replace a comparable part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, refer to the producer's guidelines for installation.
Device parts are offered from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't constantly need to go to a specific brand-name device parts center to get the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you need straight from the maker. The name and address of the device producer are normally printed on the device. Make certain to offer the producer all the model and parts information possible for the home appliance. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair work, ensure the home appliance is receiving power. Absence of power is the most typical reason for home appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and medical diagnosis process, take these preliminary actions:
Inspect to make certain that the appliance is properly and strongly plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To determine whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Check to make sure the fuses and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, especially for 220-240-volt home appliances such as varieties and a/c. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Examine to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; ensure these merges have not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to make sure it is receiving a sufficient supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the device. Many makers include helpful problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you don't have a manual for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the manufacturer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next area to learn how to take apart a significant appliance and the details on grounding systems.