Appliances are developed to perform. They strive, year after year, generally without a lot of issues. They're easy to consider SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ granted. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be completely at a loss-- you don't understand how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you certainly do SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ not understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and save money. This post will provide you with all the details you need to know to pull your significant devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. But prior to you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on significant home appliances.
A lot of devices run on your home's electrical system: They use Air Conditioner present from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Small appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Big or major appliances, such as a/c unit, dryers, and varieties, generally require 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of device need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All devices are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Small devices are usually fairly easy makers. They may consist of a simple heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have two or 3 basic mechanical linkages. Repairs to these devices are generally similarly basic. Big devices are more complicated-- one major device, such as a washing device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of home appliance, problems can happen in either the control devices or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control device may impact one operation or the whole home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget typically affects just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major home appliance breaks down, understanding how to diagnose the problem is as crucial as knowing how to fix it.
Because major devices are so complicated, it normally isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Lots of newer devices include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to decide whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, however the drum does not turn, the problem is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be used to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large appliances.
To discover precisely what the problem is, you should check each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, because home appliance elements work together in a logical series. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can test the parts one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Major Home Appliances
There are 3 extremely essential rules you should follow when you try to make any type of device repair work. Do not ever try to conserve time or money by disregarding these rules. You will not save anything at all, and you could wind up injuring yourself or messing up the device.
Always make certain the electric power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached before you evaluate the appliance to diagnose the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair work, do not touch the device; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any required repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to repair the appliance yourself. Call a professional service individual.
Most of the times, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be changed quicker and cheaply than they can be repaired by you or a professional. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that appliance. If you can not discover an exact replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to replace a similar part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, describe the manufacturer's guidelines for installation.
Device parts are offered from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You don't constantly need to go to a particular brand-name appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you need for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you require directly from the maker. The name and address of the home appliance manufacturer are generally printed on the device. Make certain to provide the manufacturer all the model and parts information possible for the home appliance. If readily available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, ensure the device is receiving power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and medical diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary actions:
Inspect to make sure that the home appliance is correctly and firmly plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To determine whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make sure the merges and/or breaker that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, particularly for 220-240-volt home appliances such as varieties and a/c. Look for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Check to make sure fuses and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make certain these fuses have actually not blown.
If the home appliance utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving a sufficient supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the device. Lots of manufacturers consist of helpful problem/solution fixing charts. If you do not have a manual for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated device-- from the manufacturer's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next area to learn how to take apart a significant appliance and the information on grounding systems.