Appliances are constructed to perform. They strive, year after year, typically without too many issues. They're simple to take for approved. The outcome is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you certainly do not know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save cash. This post will provide you with all the information you need to understand to pull your major home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. But before you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on significant home appliances.
Most appliances run on your house's electrical system: They utilize A/C current from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Little devices work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Big or major devices, such as air conditioning unit, clothes dryers, and varieties, normally require 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Small devices are usually relatively basic devices. They may consist of a basic heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these devices are generally correspondingly easy. Large appliances are more intricate-- one major appliance, such as a washing maker, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of appliance, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control gadget may affect one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget typically affects only the functions that depend on that gadget. When a major device breaks down, knowing how to detect the issue is as crucial as understanding how to fix it.
Since major devices are so intricate, it normally isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Numerous newer home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's manual.) The primary step is to choose whether the problem remains in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the problem is in the control system. If the dryer heats, but the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This type of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large appliances.
To learn exactly what the problem is, you need to check each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as difficult ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ as it sounds, since home appliance parts interact in a rational series. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can check the components one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Fixing Major Devices
There are 3 very important guidelines you need to follow when you try to make any kind of home appliance repair work. Don't ever try to conserve time or loan by disregarding these guidelines. You will not conserve anything at all, and you could wind up injuring yourself or destroying the home appliance.
Always ensure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached before you check the home appliance to identify the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair work, do not touch the device; simply turn the power on and observe. If changes are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any required repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to fix the home appliance yourself. Call a professional service individual.
In most cases, broken or malfunctioning appliance parts can be replaced more quickly and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made especially for that device. If you can not find a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's alright to replace a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the maker's instructions for setup.
Appliance parts are readily available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You do not always need to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to get the parts and service you need for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you require directly from the producer. The name and address of the home appliance maker are normally printed on the home appliance. Make certain to offer the manufacturer all the design and parts information possible for the home appliance. If readily available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, ensure the appliance is getting power. Absence of power is the most common reason for appliance failure. Prior to you begin the screening and medical diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary actions:
Check to make certain that the device is properly and firmly plugged in and that the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To identify whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make certain the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and air conditioners. Check for blown http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ merges or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Check to make sure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to restore power to devices such as washers, clothes dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the appliance utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is getting a sufficient supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the appliance. Lots of producers consist of useful problem/solution repairing charts. If you do not have a handbook for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the producer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next section to find out how to disassemble a significant appliance SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ and the information on grounding systems.