Home ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ appliances are constructed to perform. They strive, every year, generally without a lot of problems. They're simple to consider granted. The result is that when a home appliance breaks SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ down, you might be totally at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you definitely do not know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save money. This post will supply you with all the info you require to understand to pull your significant appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. But before you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on major devices.
Most home appliances operate on your house's electrical system: They use A/C current from the circuit wiring in your house. Little home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Big or significant appliances, such as a/c, clothes dryers, and varieties, generally require 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ kind of appliance need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades http://edition.cnn.com/search/?text=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Small devices are usually fairly basic makers. They might include an easy heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or three simple mechanical linkages. Repairs to these devices are generally likewise basic. Large devices are more intricate-- one significant appliance, such as a washing machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, problems can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control gadget might affect one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device generally affects just the functions that depend upon that device. When a significant home appliance breaks down, understanding how to detect the issue is as important as knowing how to repair it.
Because major devices are so complicated, it normally isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Numerous newer home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's manual.) The primary step is to decide whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer does not heat, the problem is in the control system. If the dryer warms, but the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be used to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large appliances.
To find out precisely what the issue is, you need to inspect each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as tough as it sounds, due to the fact that appliance parts interact in a sensible sequence. Beginning with the easiest possibilities, you can evaluate the parts one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Fixing Significant Appliances
There are 3 extremely crucial rules you must follow when you try to make any kind of device repair. Don't ever attempt to conserve time or money by ignoring these guidelines. You won't save anything at all, and you might end up injuring yourself or ruining the appliance.
Always make certain the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached prior to you check the device to diagnose the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any needed repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to repair the device yourself. Call a professional service person.
For the most part, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be replaced faster and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that home appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to substitute a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's instructions for setup.
Device parts are offered from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You don't always need to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you need directly from the manufacturer. The name and address of the device manufacturer are generally printed on the appliance. Make sure to offer the maker all the model and parts information possible for the home appliance. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, ensure the device is receiving power. Lack of power is the most typical reason for home appliance failure. Before you start the testing and medical diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary steps:
Check to make sure that the appliance is effectively and strongly plugged in and that the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To figure out whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Examine to ensure the fuses and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt home appliances such as ranges and ac system. Check for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Examine to make certain merges and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to devices such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have different plug-type merges for oven operation; make certain these fuses have not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to make sure it is getting a sufficient supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the appliance. Lots of manufacturers consist of practical problem/solution repairing charts. If you do not have a handbook for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the maker's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next area to find out how to disassemble a major appliance and the details on grounding systems.