Home appliances are built to carry out. They work hard, year after year, usually without too many problems. They're simple to consider approved. The outcome is that when a home appliance breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you definitely do not understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and save money. This short article will supply you with all the info you require to understand to pull your significant devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. But prior to you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on significant home appliances.
Most appliances run on your home's SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ electrical system: They use Air Conditioner existing from the circuit circuitry in your house. Small appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Big or significant appliances, such as a/c, clothes dryers, and varieties, normally require 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This type of device need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little devices are typically fairly easy makers. They may consist of a basic heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are generally likewise basic. Big devices are more intricate-- one significant home appliance, such as a washing device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of home appliance, problems can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control gadget may impact one operation or the entire appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device normally impacts only the functions that depend upon that device. When a significant home appliance breaks down, understanding how to identify the problem is as important as knowing how to repair it.
Because significant appliances are so complex, it normally isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Many more recent home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's manual.) The initial step is to choose whether the issue is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ is impacted? If the drum turns, however the dryer does not heat, the issue is in the control system. If the dryer heats, but the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be used to identify the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large devices.
To discover precisely what the issue is, you must examine each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, due to the fact that device elements interact in a rational series. Beginning with the most basic possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Fixing Major Appliances
There are 3 extremely crucial rules you need to follow when you attempt to make any kind of home appliance repair. Don't ever attempt to save time or money by neglecting these guidelines. You will not save anything at all, and you could wind up hurting yourself or messing up the appliance.
Constantly ensure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached prior to you check the home appliance to detect the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any essential repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service individual.
In most cases, damaged or malfunctioning appliance parts can be changed faster and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that home appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the broken part, it's alright to replace a similar part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's guidelines for installation.
Home appliance parts are offered from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You don't constantly have to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you need for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you need directly from the manufacturer. The name and address of the device producer are generally printed on the appliance. Make certain to provide the manufacturer all the design and parts data possible for the device. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair, make certain the appliance is getting power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of device failure. Before you start the testing and diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Check to ensure that the home appliance is properly and firmly plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To figure out whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make certain the fuses and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, specifically for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and a/c. Check for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Check to ensure fuses and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; ensure these fuses have not blown.
If the home appliance uses gas or water, check to make sure it is receiving a sufficient supply.
Examine the owner's handbook for the home appliance. Numerous producers include valuable problem/solution repairing charts. If you do not have a manual for a device, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete home appliance-- from the manufacturer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next section to learn how to dismantle a significant home appliance and the information on grounding systems.