Home appliances are built to ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ perform. They work hard, every year, usually without a lot of problems. They're easy to take for approved. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you might be totally at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you certainly do not understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve loan. This post will offer you with all the details you require to know to pull your major home appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. But prior to you attack the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on major appliances.
Most home appliances run on your house's electrical system: They utilize Air Conditioner present from the circuit wiring in your home. Small devices deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Large or significant home appliances, such as air conditioning unit, clothes dryers, and varieties, generally need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of home appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Little home appliances are usually relatively simple devices. They might consist of an easy heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or 3 basic mechanical linkages. Repair work to these devices are typically likewise easy. Large devices are more complicated-- one significant home appliance, such as a washing maker, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, problems can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control gadget may affect one operation or the entire device; failure of a mechanical/power device generally impacts only the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major device breaks down, understanding how to diagnose the problem is as essential as knowing how to fix it.
Due to the fact that significant home appliances are so intricate, it generally isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Numerous newer appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's manual.) The first step is to decide whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the problem is in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, however the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to identify the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large appliances.
To discover precisely what the issue is, you need to inspect each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, since device elements work together in a logical series. Starting with the simplest possibilities, you can test the components one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Fixing Significant Appliances
There are 3 really essential guidelines you should follow when you attempt to make any kind of appliance repair. Do not ever try to save time or cash by ignoring these guidelines. You will not save anything at all, and you might end up harming yourself or messing up the device.
Always ensure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the device is disconnected before you check the device to identify the problem or http://query.nytimes.com/search/sitesearch/?action=click&contentCollection®ion=TopBar&WT.nav=searchWidget&module=SearchSubmit&pgtype=Homepage#/ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any essential repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
In many cases, damaged or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed more quickly and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Change any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that device. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the broken part, it's all right to replace a comparable part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, refer to the maker's directions for setup.
Device parts are available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You do not always need to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to get the parts and service you need for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you need directly from the maker. The name and address of the appliance manufacturer are typically printed on the appliance. Be sure to provide the producer all the model and parts information possible for the home appliance. If readily available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, make sure the appliance is getting power. Lack of power is the most typical cause of home appliance failure. Before you begin the testing and medical diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Check to ensure that the device is correctly and firmly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working correctly. To identify whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Check to make sure the merges and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and a/c unit. Look for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Check to make sure fuses and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; make certain these merges have actually not blown.
If the device uses gas or water, check to ensure it is getting an adequate supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the device. Numerous producers include helpful problem/solution repairing charts. If you do not have a manual for a device, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated home appliance-- from the producer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to learn how to disassemble a significant device and the details on grounding systems.