Home appliances are constructed to perform. They work hard, every year, normally without a lot of issues. They're easy to consider given. The result is that when a home appliance breaks down, you may be totally at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you certainly don't understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save loan. This post will supply you with all the information you need to know to pull your major home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However prior to you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on major appliances.
Most appliances operate on your house's electrical system: They use AC current from the circuit electrical wiring in your home. Little appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables ανταλλακτικα & service οικιακων συσκευων have two blades. Large or major appliances, such as a/c unit, clothes dryers, and varieties, typically require 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the device case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little devices are generally relatively basic machines. They may include a basic heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repairs to these home appliances are normally alike simple. Large appliances are more intricate-- one significant appliance, such as a washing device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, issues can take place in either the control devices or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device may affect one operation or the entire appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device normally impacts just the functions that depend on that gadget. When a significant appliance breaks down, understanding how to detect the problem is as crucial as knowing how to fix it.
Since major devices are so complicated, it normally isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Lots of newer appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to decide whether the problem is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer does not heat, the problem is in the control system. If the dryer warms, but the drum does not turn, the problem is mechanical. This type of analysis can be utilized to identify the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To learn precisely what the problem is, you should inspect each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, due to the fact that device components interact in a rational sequence. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can check the elements one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Fixing Major Home Appliances
There are 3 extremely crucial guidelines you should follow when you attempt to make any kind of device repair work. Do not ever attempt to conserve time or money by disregarding these guidelines. You will not conserve anything, and you could end up harming yourself or ruining the device.
Always ensure the electrical https://www.washingtonpost.com/newssearch/?query=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached prior to you check the device to detect the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair, do not touch the device; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any necessary repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to fix the appliance yourself. Call an expert service individual.
Most of the times, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be replaced quicker and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made specifically for that appliance. If you can not find a specific replacement for the broken part, it's all right to replace a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, describe the maker's directions for installation.
Appliance parts are readily available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You do not constantly need to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you need straight from the producer. The name and address of the appliance manufacturer are generally printed on the device. Make certain to offer the maker all the design and parts information possible for the device. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair, make certain the device is getting power. Lack of power is the most typical reason for appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Inspect to make certain that the device is appropriately and firmly plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To determine whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Examine to ensure the fuses and/or breaker that manage the circuit have not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your house, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and air conditioning system. Look for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Check to ensure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these merges have actually not blown.
If the device uses gas or water, check to make sure it is getting an adequate supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the appliance. Lots of producers consist of practical problem/solution fixing charts. If you do not have a manual for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated appliance-- from the manufacturer's customer care department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to learn how to take apart a major appliance and the information on grounding systems.