Appliances are built to perform. They strive, every year, generally without a lot of issues. They're easy to consider granted. The result is that when a device breaks down, you might be completely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you definitely do not know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and save cash. This article will provide you with all the info you require to understand to pull your major devices apart and then put them back together in working order. But prior to you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major appliances.
A lot of devices operate on your house's electrical system: They utilize Air Conditioning present from the circuit wiring in your home. Small home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Large or significant home appliances, such as a/c, clothes dryers, and ranges, usually require 220-240-volt wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Big devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of device must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little appliances are typically fairly basic makers. They may consist of a simple heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or three simple mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are usually likewise easy. Big home appliances are more intricate-- one major home appliance, such as a washing machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, issues can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control gadget may affect one operation or the whole device; failure of a mechanical/power device usually impacts only the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a significant home appliance breaks down, knowing how to identify the issue is as essential as understanding how to repair it.
Due to the fact that significant devices are so complicated, it typically isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Numerous newer appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's handbook.) The primary step is to choose whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the dryer doesn't heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the dryer warms, however the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To find out precisely what the issue is, you need to examine each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as difficult as it sounds, since device components interact in a rational sequence. Starting with the easiest possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Fixing Major Devices
There are three very essential guidelines you should follow when you try to make any type of appliance repair work. Don't ever try to conserve time or cash by neglecting these rules. You won't conserve anything at all, and you could wind up injuring yourself or destroying the appliance.
Always make sure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is disconnected before you test the home appliance to detect the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any required repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to fix the home appliance yourself. Call a professional service person.
For the most part, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be replaced faster and cheaply than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made especially for that appliance. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to substitute a comparable part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, describe the manufacturer's directions for installation.
Appliance parts are readily available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You do not constantly need to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you need for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you need straight from the producer. The name and address of the appliance producer are usually printed on the device. Make certain to offer the manufacturer all the design and parts information possible for the device. If offered, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, make sure the home appliance is receiving power. Lack of power is the most common cause of device failure. Prior to you start the testing and medical diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary actions:
Check to make certain that the appliance is correctly and firmly plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working correctly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Check to make certain the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, specifically for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and ac system. Look for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Inspect to make sure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these merges have actually not blown.
If the appliance uses gas or water, check to ensure it http://query.nytimes.com/search/sitesearch/?action=click&contentCollection®ion=TopBar&WT.nav=searchWidget&module=SearchSubmit&pgtype=Homepage#/ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ is receiving an adequate supply.
Inspect the owner's manual for the home appliance. Numerous producers consist of helpful problem/solution repairing charts. If you do not have a handbook for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the maker's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ Move on to the next section to learn how to take apart a major home appliance and the information on grounding systems.