Appliances are constructed to carry out. They strive, year after year, typically without a lot of issues. They're easy to take for approved. The outcome is that when an appliance breaks down, you might be entirely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you certainly don't know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve loan. This article will offer you with all the information you require to understand to pull your major appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. But before you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on major devices.
The majority of home appliances operate on your home's electrical system: They use A/C existing from the circuit circuitry in your home. Small home appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have 2 blades. Large or major home appliances, such as a/c, dryers, and varieties, generally need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Small home appliances are usually fairly simple makers. They may include an easy heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or three simple mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are usually correspondingly simple. Big home appliances are more intricate-- one significant appliance, such as a washing ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of https://en.search.wordpress.com/?src=organic&q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ appliance, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device might affect one operation or the whole home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device generally impacts just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major device breaks down, knowing how to detect the problem is as essential as understanding how to repair it.
Due to the fact that major home appliances are so intricate, it normally isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Numerous more recent home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to decide whether the problem remains in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats up, however the drum does not turn, the problem is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be used to identify the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To discover precisely what the problem is, you must inspect each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, since appliance components collaborate in a sensible sequence. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can check the parts one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Fixing Major Devices
There are 3 really essential rules you should follow when you try to make any kind of home appliance repair work. Don't ever try to save time or loan by neglecting these rules. You won't conserve anything at all, and you might end up injuring yourself or ruining the appliance.
Constantly ensure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is detached prior to you test the home appliance to identify the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any necessary repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to repair the device yourself. Call an expert service individual.
In most cases, damaged or malfunctioning appliance parts can be replaced faster and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that device. If you can not discover an exact replacement for the damaged part, it's all right to substitute a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, describe the manufacturer's directions for installation.
Device parts are readily available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You don't constantly have to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't locate a parts service center in your location, order the part you require straight from the maker. The name and address of the appliance maker are normally printed on the appliance. Make sure to give the maker all the design and parts information possible for the home appliance. If readily available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, make certain the device is getting power. Lack of power is the most common reason for home appliance failure. Prior to you start the testing and medical diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Examine to ensure that the home appliance is properly and firmly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To determine whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the fuses and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, especially for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and ac system. Check for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Examine to make sure merges and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these merges have not blown.
If the appliance utilizes gas or water, check to make sure it is getting a sufficient supply.
Examine the owner's handbook for the device. Lots of manufacturers consist of helpful problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a manual for a device, you can probably get one-- even for an SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ old or obsolete home appliance-- from the producer's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next area to discover how to dismantle a significant home appliance and the information on grounding systems.