Home appliances are built to carry out. They work hard, year after year, typically without too many issues. They're simple to take for granted. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you might be entirely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you certainly don't know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and save loan. This short article will offer you with all the details you need to know to pull your significant home appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. However prior to you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major home appliances.
A lot of appliances run on your home's electrical system: They utilize AC current from the circuit circuitry in your house. Small appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Big or major home appliances, such as air conditioners, dryers, and ranges, usually need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of device should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Small devices are normally relatively easy makers. They might include a simple heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or three basic mechanical linkages. Repairs to these devices are typically alike simple. Big home appliances are more complicated-- one major home appliance, such as a washing device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of home appliance, issues can happen in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control gadget might affect one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device usually affects just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major appliance breaks down, understanding how to diagnose the issue is as important as understanding how to repair it.
Because major home appliances are so complex, it normally isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Many more recent appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's manual.) The first step is to choose whether the issue is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the dryer doesn't heat, the problem remains in the control system. SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ If the dryer heats up, but the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be used to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To learn exactly what the problem is, you need to inspect each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, since appliance components collaborate in a logical series. Beginning with the easiest possibilities, you can check the components one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Major Appliances
There are 3 extremely crucial rules you must follow when you attempt to make any type of home appliance repair. Do not ever try to save time or money by disregarding these rules. You won't save anything at all, and you might wind up injuring yourself or ruining the appliance.
Always make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is disconnected before you test the appliance to detect the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the device; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any essential repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
In most cases, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be changed more quickly and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not find a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's alright to replace a similar part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, describe the producer's directions for installation.
Home appliance parts are offered from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You do not constantly have to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you require directly from the maker. The name and address of the device manufacturer are normally printed on the home appliance. Make sure to offer the manufacturer all the model and parts information possible for the home appliance. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair, ensure the device is getting power. Lack of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Prior to you start the testing and diagnosis process, take these initial steps:
Inspect to make certain that the appliance is properly and firmly plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Examine to ensure the merges and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your house, particularly for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and ac system. Look for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Examine to ensure fuses and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to devices such as washers, clothes dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ separate plug-type merges for oven operation; ensure these fuses have not blown.
If the device uses gas or water, check to make sure it is getting an appropriate supply.
Examine the owner's handbook for the appliance. Lots of manufacturers include useful problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a manual for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the producer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to find out how to take apart a major device and the details on grounding systems.