Devices are built to carry out. They strive, every year, typically without a lot of issues. They're easy to consider granted. The outcome is that when an appliance breaks down, you might be completely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you definitely do not understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve loan. This short article will provide you with all the details you need to understand to pull your major home appliances apart and after that put them back together in working order. But prior to you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on major appliances.
The majority of devices run on your house's electrical system: They use A/C present from the circuit wiring in your home. Little appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Large or significant appliances, such as a/c, clothes dryers, and ranges, usually need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of device must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All home appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Small devices are typically fairly simple machines. They might include an easy heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have two or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are usually similarly simple. Large home appliances are more complicated-- one major device, such as a washing maker, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, problems can happen in either the control devices or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control gadget may affect one operation or the whole home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device typically affects just the functions that depend on that gadget. When a major home appliance breaks down, understanding how to identify the issue is as crucial as understanding how to fix it.
Since significant devices are so complex, it generally isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Lots of newer appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to decide whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the dryer doesn't heat, the issue is in the control system. If the clothes dryer warms, however the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ devices.
To discover exactly what the issue is, you need to check each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, since device elements collaborate in a logical series. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ test the elements one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Devices
There are 3 very crucial rules you must follow when you try to make any kind of device repair work. Do not ever attempt to save time or loan by disregarding these guidelines. You won't save anything at all, and you might wind up hurting yourself or ruining the appliance.
Constantly make certain the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is disconnected prior to you test the device to diagnose the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the home appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any essential repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to fix the home appliance yourself. Call a professional service person.
In most cases, damaged or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed faster and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or a professional. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made especially for that home appliance. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to substitute a comparable part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, refer to the maker's guidelines for setup.
Appliance parts are available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You do not constantly have to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to acquire the parts and service you need for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you require straight from the producer. The name and address of the home appliance maker are typically printed on the appliance. Make certain to offer the producer all the design and parts information possible for the home appliance. If readily available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, make certain the appliance is getting power. Absence of power is the most common reason for device failure. Before you begin the screening and medical diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Inspect to make sure that the home appliance is effectively and securely plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Check to ensure the fuses and/or breaker that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ devices such as ranges and a/c. Check for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Check to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to home appliances such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; ensure these merges have not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is getting an appropriate supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the home appliance. Lots of makers include helpful problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a manual for a home appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the maker's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next section to find out how to take apart a significant appliance and the details on grounding systems.