Devices are developed to carry out. They strive, year after year, generally without too many problems. They're simple to consider approved. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you might be completely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you certainly don't know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and save money. This article will provide you with all the info you need to understand to pull your major appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However before you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on significant home appliances.
The majority of appliances operate on your house's electrical system: They utilize Air Conditioner current from the circuit electrical wiring in your home. Small devices work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Large or significant home appliances, such as air conditioning system, dryers, and ranges, normally require 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big home appliances are wired with a grounding SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Little appliances are typically fairly basic devices. They may consist of a basic heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are generally similarly basic. Big devices are more complicated-- one major appliance, such as a cleaning maker, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of appliance, issues can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control device may affect one operation or the entire appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget usually impacts only the functions that depend upon that device. When a significant home appliance breaks down, knowing how to identify the issue is as important as understanding how to fix it.
Because significant appliances are so intricate, it generally isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Many more recent appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to choose whether the issue remains in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the issue is in the control system. If the dryer heats, however the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To find out precisely what the problem is, you should examine each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as tough as it sounds, since device elements collaborate in a sensible series. Starting with the easiest possibilities, you can evaluate the parts one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Fixing Significant Appliances
There are 3 very essential rules you must follow when you try to make any type of home appliance repair. Do not ever attempt to save time or cash by disregarding these guidelines. You won't conserve anything, and you could end up hurting yourself or destroying the device.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is disconnected before you check the device to diagnose the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any needed repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be changed faster and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made particularly for that home appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the broken part, it's all right to replace a ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ similar part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, refer to the producer's guidelines for installation.
Appliance parts are available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You do not constantly have to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to get the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your location, order the part you need straight from the manufacturer. The name and address of the device maker are generally printed on the device. Be sure to provide the manufacturer all the model and parts data possible for the home appliance. If readily available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair work, ensure the appliance is getting power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Prior to you start the screening and medical diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary steps:
Examine to make certain that the home appliance is correctly and firmly plugged in and that the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To identify whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the fuses and/or breaker that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt appliances such as ranges and ac system. Look for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Examine to make sure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the home appliance uses gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving a sufficient supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the home appliance. Lots of makers consist of handy problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a handbook for a device, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or https://www.washingtonpost.com/newssearch/?query=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ obsolete appliance-- from the producer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next area to learn how to disassemble a significant device and the information on grounding systems.