Devices are built to perform. They work hard, every year, generally without a lot of problems. They're easy to consider granted. The result is that when a device breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you certainly do not understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and save loan. This article will provide you with all the details you need to know to pull your significant devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. But prior to you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant devices.
Many devices operate on your house's electrical system: They utilize A/C current from the circuit wiring in your house. Little home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Big or major home appliances, such as ac system, clothes dryers, and ranges, generally need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of home appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Small appliances are normally relatively simple makers. They may include a basic heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or turning SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have two or 3 basic mechanical linkages. Repair work to these home appliances are generally likewise basic. Large devices are more complicated-- one significant appliance, such as a cleaning machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of home appliance, issues can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control gadget might impact one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device usually affects just the functions that depend upon that device. When a significant appliance breaks down, understanding how to identify the problem is as important as knowing how to repair it.
Because major home appliances are so complex, it typically isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Lots of newer appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to choose whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the dryer doesn't heat, the issue is in the control system. If the dryer heats up, but the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to identify the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To find out precisely what the problem is, you must check each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, because device components collaborate in a logical sequence. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can check the elements one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Fixing Major Home Appliances
There are 3 really crucial guidelines you need to follow when you attempt to make any type of home appliance repair work. Don't ever attempt to conserve time or money by disregarding these guidelines. You will not conserve anything, and you could end up harming yourself or ruining the appliance.
Always make certain the electric power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is detached before you test the home appliance to identify the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any essential repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to repair the appliance yourself. Call an expert service individual.
In most cases, damaged or malfunctioning appliance parts can be replaced quicker and cheaply than they can be repaired by you or a professional. Change any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made especially for that home appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the broken part, it's alright to substitute a comparable part as long as it fits ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ into the old area. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's guidelines for installation.
Device parts are available from http://query.nytimes.com/search/sitesearch/?action=click&contentCollection®ion=TopBar&WT.nav=searchWidget&module=SearchSubmit&pgtype=Homepage#/ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You don't constantly need to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you need for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you need straight from the maker. The name and address of the device maker are normally printed on the appliance. Make sure to provide the producer all the model and parts information possible for the home appliance. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair, make certain the device is getting power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Before you begin the testing and diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Inspect to make certain that the appliance is appropriately and securely plugged in and that the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working correctly. To determine whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to ensure the merges and/or breaker that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ your house, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and air conditioning unit. Check for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Check to make sure merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to restore power to devices such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the home appliance uses gas or water, check to ensure it is getting a sufficient supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the appliance. Lots of manufacturers consist of helpful problem/solution fixing charts. If you do not have a handbook for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or outdated home appliance-- from the manufacturer's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next area to discover how to dismantle a significant device and the details on grounding systems.