Appliances are constructed to perform. They work hard, year after year, generally without a lot of issues. They're simple to consider given. The result is that when a home appliance breaks down, you may be completely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you certainly do not know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve money. This short article will offer you with all the information you require to know to pull your major devices apart and then put them back together in working order. However before you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major devices.
A lot of devices run on your house's electrical system: They use AC present from the circuit electrical wiring in your home. Small devices deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Big or significant home appliances, such as air conditioners, clothes dryers, and ranges, typically need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This type of home appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All home appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Little devices are normally relatively basic machines. They might include a simple heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have two or three basic mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are normally alike simple. Large appliances are more intricate-- one major device, such as a washing machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of appliance, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control gadget may affect one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device typically affects only the functions that depend on that device. When a significant home appliance breaks down, knowing how to diagnose the issue is as essential as knowing how to fix it.
Since significant home appliances are so complex, it generally isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Lots of more recent devices consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's manual.) The initial step is to decide whether the problem is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the dryer doesn't heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the dryer heats up, but the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large home appliances.
To learn exactly what the issue is, you should inspect each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as difficult as it sounds, because appliance components collaborate in a rational sequence. Starting with the easiest possibilities, you can check the components one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Major Appliances
There are three very important guidelines you need to follow when you attempt to make any kind of appliance repair work. Do not ever attempt to save time or money by disregarding these rules. You will not conserve anything at all, and you could end up injuring yourself or ruining the device.
Constantly make certain the SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ electrical power and/or the gas supply to the device is detached before you check the device to diagnose the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any essential repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to repair the home appliance yourself. Call a professional service individual.
In many cases, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be replaced quicker and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that appliance. If you can not find an exact replacement for the damaged part, it's all right to substitute a similar part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's instructions for setup.
Appliance parts are available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You do not always need to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you need straight from the manufacturer. The name and address of the device manufacturer are usually printed on the device. Make certain to give the manufacturer all the design and parts data possible for the appliance. If readily available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, make certain the device is receiving power. Absence of power is the most common reason for device failure. Before you start the screening and medical diagnosis process, take these preliminary steps:
Examine to ensure that the home appliance is appropriately and securely plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To figure out whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Examine to ensure the merges and/or breaker that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance http://edition.cnn.com/search/?text=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ panel for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and a/c. Check for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the main panel and the different panel.
Examine to make sure fuses and/or breakers in the device itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have different plug-type merges for oven operation; make certain these fuses have actually not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving an adequate supply.
Examine the owner's handbook for the home appliance. Numerous makers consist of useful problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you do not have a handbook for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated home appliance-- from the maker's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next section to find out how to take apart a significant device and the details on grounding systems.