Devices are built to perform. They work hard, every year, normally without a lot of problems. They're simple to take for approved. The outcome is that when a home appliance breaks down, you may be totally at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you definitely don't know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and save cash. This article will provide you with all the information you require to understand to pull your major devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. However before you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major devices.
Most home appliances operate on your home's electrical system: They use Air Conditioner present from the circuit electrical wiring in your home. Small devices work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Big or major home appliances, such as a/c, dryers, and ranges, normally require 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This type of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Small devices are normally relatively basic makers. They might include a simple heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have two or three easy mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are typically alike easy. Big appliances are more intricate-- one major device, such as a washing device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, issues can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control gadget may impact one operation or the entire home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget usually affects only the functions that depend upon that device. When a major appliance breaks down, knowing how to detect the issue is as essential as knowing how to fix it.
Due to the fact that significant home appliances are so complex, it generally isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Many newer appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's manual.) The primary step is to decide whether the problem remains in a control gadget or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the dryer heats, however the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be used to pinpoint the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To find out exactly what the issue is, you must inspect each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, due to the fact that appliance parts work together in a sensible sequence. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can test the parts ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Fixing Significant Appliances
There are 3 very essential rules you need to follow when you try to make any kind of device repair work. Do not ever attempt to save time or loan by ignoring these rules. You won't conserve anything at all, and you could wind up injuring yourself or destroying the device.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is disconnected before you evaluate the appliance to diagnose the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair, do not touch the device; just turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any required repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to fix the appliance yourself. Call a professional service person.
For the most part, damaged or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be replaced faster and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to replace a similar part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, refer to the producer's directions for setup.
Appliance parts are readily available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't always need to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you require straight from the maker. The name and address of the appliance producer are generally printed on the home appliance. Make sure to provide the maker all the design and parts data possible for the appliance. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, ensure the home appliance is getting power. Absence of power is the most common reason for appliance failure. Prior to you begin the testing and diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Inspect to make sure that the appliance is correctly and securely plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To determine whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Check to ensure the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt home appliances such as ranges and air conditioning unit. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Examine to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; ensure these fuses have not blown.
If the home SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ appliance utilizes gas or water, check to make certain it is receiving a sufficient supply.
Examine the owner's handbook for the device. Many makers include valuable problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you do not have a handbook for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or outdated device-- from the manufacturer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next area to find out how to disassemble a significant device and the details on grounding systems.