Devices are developed to carry out. They strive, every year, normally without too many issues. They're simple to consider granted. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be totally at a loss-- you don't understand how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you certainly don't understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and save money. This short article will offer you with all the details you require to know to pull your significant home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. But prior to you assault the fridge with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on major devices.
The majority of home appliances run on your home's electrical system: They utilize A/C current from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Little home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Big or major devices, such as a/c unit, dryers, and ranges, usually need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of device should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/?search=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Little devices are typically relatively simple makers. They may include an easy heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or three easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are normally correspondingly basic. Big appliances are more intricate-- one major home appliance, such as a cleaning machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to numerous valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of device, issues can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device may affect one operation or the whole device; failure of a mechanical/power device usually affects only the functions that depend on that device. When a major home appliance breaks down, understanding how to detect the problem is as important as understanding how to repair it.
Due to the fact that major home appliances are so intricate, it typically isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Many newer home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to decide whether the issue is in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the dryer heats up, but the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be utilized to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To learn exactly what the issue is, you need to check each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as difficult as it sounds, since appliance parts interact in a sensible series. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can test the parts one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Significant Home Appliances
There are three really crucial guidelines you need to follow when you try to make any type of device repair work. Do not ever attempt to save time or money by ignoring these rules. You will not save anything, and you might wind up harming yourself or ruining the device.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached before you check the device to identify the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any necessary repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to fix the device yourself. Call a professional service person.
In most cases, broken or malfunctioning appliance parts can be replaced quicker and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or a professional. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made specifically for that device. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the broken part, it's alright to replace a similar part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, refer to the producer's directions for installation.
Appliance parts are readily available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You do not always need to go to a particular brand-name home appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you require directly from the maker. The name and address of the home appliance producer are typically printed on the appliance. Make sure to provide the manufacturer all the design and parts data possible for the appliance. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, make certain the device is receiving power. Lack of power is the most typical cause of home appliance failure. Prior to you start the screening and diagnosis process, take these preliminary actions:
Check to make sure that the home appliance is properly and securely plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To figure out whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make sure the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and a/c. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the separate panel.
Inspect to ensure merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to devices such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; ensure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the device uses gas or water, check to make certain it is getting a sufficient supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the appliance. Numerous manufacturers include handy problem/solution troubleshooting charts. If you do not have a handbook for an appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or outdated device-- from the manufacturer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ to dive right in. Proceed to the next area to learn how to disassemble a major appliance and the information on grounding systems.