Home appliances are built to carry out. They strive, year after year, generally without a lot of issues. They're simple to take for given. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you may be totally at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you definitely don't understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and save money. This article will offer you with all the information you require to know to pull your significant devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. But prior to you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on major appliances.
A lot of devices operate on your house's electrical system: They utilize Air Conditioning current from the circuit wiring in your house. Small home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Big or significant devices, such as a/c unit, dryers, and ranges, typically need 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of home appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little home appliances are normally relatively simple machines. They might include an easy heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or three easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are generally alike easy. Large devices are more complex-- one significant appliance, such as a cleaning machine, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of home appliance, issues can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control gadget may affect one operation or the entire device; failure of a mechanical/power device normally affects just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major home appliance breaks down, understanding how to detect the issue is as crucial as understanding how to fix it.
Since major devices are so complex, it typically isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Numerous more recent appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's handbook.) The primary step is to decide whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the issue is in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, however the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big appliances.
To learn precisely what the problem is, you must inspect each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as tough as it sounds, because appliance components work together in a logical series. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can check the elements one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Major Devices
There are three very important rules you need ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ to follow when you attempt to make any kind of device repair work. Do not ever try to conserve time or loan by ignoring these guidelines. You will not conserve anything at all, and you could wind up hurting yourself or destroying the device.
Constantly make certain the electric power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached before you evaluate the home appliance to detect the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any required repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't try to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
Most of the times, damaged or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed quicker and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not find a precise replacement for the broken part, it's all right to substitute a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the maker's instructions for setup.
Device parts are available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You don't always need to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you require straight from the maker. The name and address of the home appliance maker are normally printed on the appliance. Be sure to offer the manufacturer all the design and parts information possible for the appliance. If offered, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, make sure the device is receiving power. Absence of power is the most common cause of appliance failure. Prior to you begin the screening and medical diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary steps:
Check to make sure that the appliance is properly and securely plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To determine whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and air conditioners. Look for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Examine to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to home appliances such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; make sure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the device uses gas or water, check to make sure it is getting an adequate supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the appliance. Many producers consist of helpful problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a handbook for a device, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete home appliance-- from the manufacturer's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next area to find out how to disassemble a major home appliance and the details on grounding systems.