Devices are developed to perform. They strive, every year, typically without a lot of issues. They're simple to consider granted. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you might be entirely at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you certainly do not understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve loan. This post will supply you with all the info you need to know to pull your major home appliances apart and after that put them back together in working ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ order. But before you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant devices.
Many devices operate on your home's electrical system: They use Air Conditioning current from the circuit wiring in your house. Small appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Big or significant appliances, such as ac system, clothes dryers, and varieties, generally require 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Big home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This type of device must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Little home appliances are normally relatively basic devices. They might include a basic heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have two or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are generally correspondingly basic. Big appliances are more intricate-- one major home appliance, such as a washing machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of appliance, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device might affect one operation or the entire appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device generally affects only the functions that depend on that gadget. When a major device breaks down, understanding how to identify the issue is as crucial as understanding how to fix it.
Since significant home appliances are so complex, it typically isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Numerous more recent home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's manual.) The initial step is to decide whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer does not heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer warms, but the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be used to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To learn exactly what the problem is, you need to examine each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, since appliance parts work together in a logical sequence. Beginning with the easiest possibilities, you can check the elements one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Fixing Major Home Appliances
There are 3 really important rules you should follow when you attempt to make any kind of device repair. Do not ever attempt to conserve time or money by neglecting these guidelines. You will not conserve anything at all, and you might end up injuring yourself or ruining the home appliance.
Always ensure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ disconnected before you check the device to diagnose the issue or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair, do not touch the device; simply turn the power on and observe. If changes are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a home appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any necessary repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to fix the appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
Most of the times, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be changed faster and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not find a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's fine to replace a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's directions for installation.
Home appliance parts are offered from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts stores. You do not always have to go to a particular brand-name appliance parts center to acquire the parts and service you need for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you require directly from the maker. The name and address of the home appliance maker are typically printed on the appliance. Make sure to offer the manufacturer all the design and parts data possible for the appliance. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any home appliance repair, ensure the device is getting power. Absence of power is the most common cause of device failure. Prior to you start the screening and diagnosis process, take these initial steps:
Inspect to make certain that the home appliance is properly and firmly plugged in and that the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To determine whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make certain the fuses and/or breaker that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and ac system. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the different panel.
Examine to make certain merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these merges have not blown.
If the appliance uses gas or water, check to make sure it is receiving an appropriate supply.
Examine the owner's handbook for the device. Numerous manufacturers include handy problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a manual for a home appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the maker's customer support department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next area to learn how to take apart a significant device and the details on grounding systems.