Appliances are constructed to perform. They work hard, year after year, generally without a lot of issues. They're easy to consider granted. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you may be totally at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you definitely do not know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve cash. This article will offer you with all the details you need to understand to pull your significant appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However prior to you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant devices.
Many appliances run on your home's electrical system: They utilize A/C existing from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Little appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Big or major home appliances, such as air conditioners, dryers, and ranges, generally need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Small home appliances are generally relatively simple machines. They may consist of an easy heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or three simple mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are usually likewise simple. Big devices are more intricate-- one major appliance, such as a cleaning device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with different ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of home appliance, problems can occur in either the control devices or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device may impact one operation or the entire home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget normally impacts only the functions that depend on that gadget. When a major appliance breaks down, understanding how to diagnose the problem is as crucial as knowing how to fix it.
Since significant home appliances are so complex, it usually isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Lots of newer devices consist of electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's manual.) The primary step is to choose whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the problem is in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats up, however the drum doesn't turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be used to determine the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To discover precisely what the issue is, you need to inspect each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as difficult as it sounds, since home appliance components interact in a rational series. Starting with the easiest possibilities, you can check the components one by one to isolate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Major Home Appliances
There are 3 extremely crucial rules you need to follow when you try to make any kind of home appliance repair work. Do not ever try to save time or cash by disregarding these rules. You will not save anything, and you could wind up injuring yourself or ruining the home appliance.
Always ensure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is detached prior to you check the device to identify the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair, do not touch the device; simply turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any required repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to fix the appliance yourself. Call a professional service individual.
In many cases, damaged or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed more quickly and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the damaged part, it's alright to substitute a similar part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the maker's instructions for setup.
Appliance parts are readily available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You don't always have to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to get the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you require directly from the maker. The name and address of the home appliance producer are usually printed on the home appliance. Be sure to provide the producer all the design and parts data possible for the home appliance. If readily available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, make sure the appliance is receiving power. Lack of power is the most typical reason for home appliance failure. Prior to you begin the testing and medical diagnosis process, take these preliminary steps:
Check to make certain that the home appliance is properly and strongly plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To determine whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make certain the fuses and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your house, particularly for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and air conditioners. Look for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the main panel and the separate panel.
Examine to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ power to appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; ensure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the device utilizes gas or water, check to make certain it is getting an adequate supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the appliance. Numerous manufacturers include useful problem/solution fixing charts. If you do not have a handbook for a device, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the manufacturer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to find out how to disassemble a major home appliance and the details on grounding systems.