Home appliances are constructed to perform. They strive, every year, generally without a lot of problems. They're easy to consider given. The outcome is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you certainly do not understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve cash. This article will supply you with all the details you require to know to pull your major devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. However prior to you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant home appliances.
Many home appliances operate on your house's electrical system: They utilize Air Conditioning existing from the circuit wiring in your home. Small appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Large or significant home appliances, such as air conditioning unit, dryers, and ranges, typically need 220-240-volt circuitry SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little devices are normally fairly simple makers. They may consist of a basic heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or three basic mechanical linkages. Repair work to these home appliances are usually likewise basic. Large appliances are more intricate-- one significant appliance, such as a washing maker, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, problems can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control gadget might impact one operation or the entire device; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally affects just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major home appliance breaks down, knowing how to diagnose the problem is as essential as understanding how to fix it.
Due to the fact that significant home appliances are so complex, it typically isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Many newer devices include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to decide whether the problem remains in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, but the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large devices.
To learn precisely what the issue is, you must inspect each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, because appliance components interact in a logical series. Beginning with the most basic possibilities, you can test the parts one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Significant Home Appliances
There are 3 really crucial rules you need to follow when you try to make any kind of device repair. Don't ever attempt to save time or money by neglecting these rules. You will not conserve anything at all, and you could wind up harming yourself or ruining the home appliance.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is disconnected before you check the device to identify the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to examine your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any needed repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to repair the device yourself. Call a professional service individual.
For the most part, damaged or malfunctioning device parts can be replaced faster and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or a professional. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not find an exact replacement for the damaged part, it's all right to replace a similar part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's directions for installation.
Device parts are readily available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't always have to go to a specific brand-name device parts center to acquire the parts and service you need for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you require directly from the maker. The name and address of the appliance producer are usually printed on the appliance. Make sure to offer the producer all the model and parts information possible for the device. If available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, make certain the device is getting power. Absence of power is the most typical reason for home appliance failure. Prior to you start the screening and diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary actions:
Examine to make sure that the device is effectively and firmly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To figure out whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make certain the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, specifically for 220-240-volt appliances such as ranges and ac system. Look for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the main panel and the separate panel.
Inspect to make sure merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have actually not blown.
If the appliance uses gas or water, check to make certain it is getting a sufficient supply.
Inspect the owner's handbook for the device. Lots of manufacturers consist of handy problem/solution fixing charts. If you do not have a handbook for a device, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the manufacturer's customer care department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next section to learn how to take apart a significant home appliance and the information on grounding systems.