Appliances are developed to perform. They strive, every year, normally without too many problems. They're easy to consider given. The result is that when an appliance breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you definitely do not know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve loan. This post will offer you with all the info you need to know to pull your significant devices apart and then put them back together in working order. But before you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant appliances.
Many devices run on your house's electrical system: They use A/C existing from the circuit wiring in your house. Little appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have 2 blades. Large or significant appliances, such as air conditioners, dryers, and ranges, usually need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the device casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little appliances are usually fairly simple devices. They might include a simple heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ have 2 or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repair work to these home appliances are usually alike basic. Big appliances are more complex-- one significant device, such as a cleaning device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of home appliance, problems can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control gadget might impact one operation or the whole appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget usually affects only the functions that depend on that gadget. When a major home appliance breaks down, understanding how ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ to detect the issue is as essential as knowing how to fix it.
Because significant appliances are so complicated, it typically isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Lots of more recent devices consist of electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's manual.) The primary step is to decide whether the issue remains in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the dryer doesn't heat, the issue is in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, however the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This type of analysis can be utilized to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large devices.
To discover precisely what the problem is, you should inspect each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as tough as it sounds, because appliance components collaborate in a rational series. Beginning with the most basic possibilities, you can check the parts one by one to separate the cause of the failure.
Repairing Major Home Appliances
There are three extremely crucial rules you must follow when you attempt to make any kind of appliance repair. Don't ever try to conserve time or money by overlooking these guidelines. You won't save anything at all, and you might end up hurting yourself or destroying the device.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is detached prior to you check the appliance to detect the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any required repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning device parts can be replaced quicker and cheaply than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made especially for that appliance. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's all right to replace a similar part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the producer's guidelines for installation.
Home appliance parts are offered from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You don't always have to go to a particular brand-name home appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you require straight from the ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ producer. The name and address of the device manufacturer are normally printed on the home appliance. Make certain to give the maker all the design and parts information possible for the appliance. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair work, make sure the appliance is receiving power. Lack of power is the most typical reason for appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and medical diagnosis process, take these preliminary actions:
Check to make sure that the home appliance is properly and strongly plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the merges and/or breaker that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt appliances such as ranges and air conditioners. Look for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the main panel and the different panel.
Inspect to make sure merges and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some varieties have different plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have not blown.
If the home appliance utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is getting an adequate supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the device. Numerous makers consist of practical problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a handbook for a device, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete appliance-- from the producer's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next area to find out how to take apart a significant device and the details on grounding systems.